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Rill House Agnes Sinclair Holbrook 171 

onnet M. G. McC.,'92 180 

[K Medieval Influence as Seen in Tennyson's Sir Galahad' 

Gertrude Bigelow,'9S 181 

A 1 Silent Time . . . Edith Sawyer 18(5 

Are the Social Teachings or Christ Practical? . . M. K. Conyngton 186 

Foub-o'clocks # It.B.,'94 133 

A I" •.. vc^ological Effect 194 

A Question of Conscience 196 

Rondeau — " At New Year's Timf.'' . S. B. 199 

Editoriai 200 

The Free Press 204 

Exchanges 211 

College Notes : . \ 215 

Society Notes * . . * 219 

Alijmn/e Notes \ . . 221 

College Bulletin . ...'". . 22* 

Marriages, Death* . . * • 224 

Katered i* the Post-office at Welledey. M km., as second-daM (natter 

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47 T e WP ,e piaee> BOSSOf.. 

Vol. II. WELLESLEY, JANUARY 20, 1894. No. 4. 










The Wellesley Magazine is published monthly, from October to June, by a board of editors those 
from the Senior Class. 

All literary contributions may be sent to Miss Mary K. Conyngton, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All items of college interest, and communications to be inserted in the department of Free Press, will be 
recerred by Miss Anna K. Peterson, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

All alumna news should be sent to Miss Maude R. Keller, Wellesley, Mr-s. 

Advertising business is conducted by Miss Florence M. Tobey, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Subscriptions to the Magazine and other business communications in all cases should be sent to Miss Helen 
R. Stahr, Wellesley College, Wellesley, Mass. 

Terms, $2.00 per year ; single copies 25 cents. 


IF six months at Hull-House furnish an experience typical of the begin- 
ner's life in settlement, the first effects of residence are somewhat bewil- 
dering. The collegian or teacher, trained to a set schedule of duties and 
occupations, and a well-organized, regular life ; the home body, accustomed 
to the quiet, uneventful usefulness and serene atmosphere of domesticity ; 
the social and public-spirited individual, schooled to a more varied and 
active but still familiar round of clubs, calls and charities — all types with 
which one is most familiar — find so much that is new and absorbing in 
daily settlement life that the mere adjustment of one's self to the unwonted 
surroundings, and the adequate development of new powers called into play, 
are matters of engrossing interest, and for some time a sufficiently stable 
equilibrium is not attained to empower one to judge fairly of one's position. 


Teaching, conducting clubs, visiting, entertaining, managing picnics and 
country parties, connecting the diseased and needy with hospitals and chari- 
table institutions, advising the perplexed and distressed on points of law, 
rinding employment for out-of-works, informing the Board of Health where 
unsanitary houses and alleys need attention, bringing the neighborhood into 
touch with the advanced and progressive side of city life, and endeavoring 
to promote the wellbeing of the neighborhood in such ways as suggest them- 
selves — many such lines of activity are constantly open to those living at 
Hull-House, and resident physicians, lawyers and teachers are as fully occu- 
pied as are the non-professional people who form generally the mainstay of 
the house. Fifteen to twenty -five men and women — for the five to ten 
men who have a house across the street are as closely identified with Hull- 
House as the ten to fifteen women living at No. 335 Halsted — have been 
more than busy the last year endeavoring to discharge the duties and 
develop the possibilities of settlement. 

But things to do multiply faster than people to do them, and if one mar- 
vels at the list of things done, one fairly quails before the array of things 
still undone. Not only is one for a time confused among the many things 
constantly going on at Hull-House, and a trifle aghast at the versatility 
requisite to the valuable all-around resident, but still more is one discon- 
certed by the informality of so complicated a life, and nonplussed by the 
absence of machinery and organization. It is such a universal habit ^mis- 
take machinery for force, and organization for accomplishment, that one's 
hasty and superficial demand for officers, committees, reports and all the 
paraphernalia of an "institution" is shocked when the young David casts 
aside the unwieldy armor which one has been taught to regard as indispen- 
sable, and gives play to the vigorous arm and steady vision, which are his 
best weapons against the Philistine. The stripling has, however, many 
stones in his sling, and they are of different sorts. Clubs, societies, classes, 
receptions, visits, concerts, lectures and informal gatherings of all sorts are 
in his hand, and their number and variety overwhelm the novice. The key 
to the meaning of things is not easily found. One enjoys it all, but in the 
press of doings one cannot find time for understanding. 

There are classes, it is true, but receiving and imparting information are 
not their only ends — study is almost an outgrowth of social life, and instruc- 


tors and pupils meet in the classroom as well as in the Hull-House drawing- 
rooms and at their own homes, to find expression for mutual interest some- 
times of a very vital sort. In college, friendships between professor and 
pupil is a delightful accident — in a settlement, it is frequently the basis of 
relation. The resident whose days have habitually been parcelled out to fit 
into a fixed programme of lectures, recitations, recreation, sleep — whose 
mental habits as well as hourly occupations have become rigid and in a sense 
artificial and study-bound, who has just emerged from student life, and 
brought with him the unacknowledged and unconscious determination to 
recognize only the educational interests, is slow to perceive, and perhaps 
mortified, to gradually perceive that the settlement is not only unlike a col- 
lege, but that it has no desire to convert itself into anything of the sort. 
The collegiate elements which are valuable for its purpose it ruthlessly 
appropriates, but the academic complications which would interfere with its 
usefulness it as ruthlessly ignores. That there could be a finer or more 
faultless creation than a college, far be it from Hull-House — or myself — 
to suggest, far be it from you to suspect ; but that there may be a less spe- 
cialized, more comprehensive, more expansive expression of energy, where 
education forms one of the chief limbs of the body, but does not constitute 
the soul, the settlement fearlessly and insistently witnesses. 

The resident or visitor from the gay world, from any exclusive and aristo- 
cratic region of this or other towns, is more apt to realize the impossibility 
than the undesirability of modelling Halsted Street or Drexel Boulevard 
or Commonwealth Avenue, and is to be congratulated if he does not impress 
workingmen with whom he comes in contact, not with the marvellous per- 
fection of his attainments, but rather with their grotesque inadequacy. That 
this nineteenth ward does not look as well as the Lakeshore Drive — that 
people here are crowded and unattractive and needy, while there they are 
clean and warm and comfortable — that these wooden shanties -and rear 
tenements are outshone by those stone fronts and glittering pavements, is 
unquestionable, and the dirt and discomfort are a source of much more seri- 
ous regret to those who live in its midst than to those who sometimes stig- 
matize the ward with the word "slum." But there is a provincialism of 
wealth, of success, of power, as there is a provincialism of education and 
culture, and a provincialism of industry and labor, and it would no more 


avail to bring the civilization of " Vanity Fair " to working-people than to 
fling husks to a hungry man. Whether or not, as the settlement believes, 
the future of the world lies in the hands of the workingman, certain it is 
that the future of the workingman does not lie in the hands of "the world." 

The most cherished hope in the whole settlement idea is to amalgamate 
all that is best in university culture, in broad social life, and in the work-a- 
day world, and by invigorating the whole, to inaugurate a higher and fuller 
civilization than has yet been known. Not by leaving out, but by taking 
in, does the settlement mean to grow — not exclusion, but inclusion, is the 
watchword of the movement. What has been called the sense of humanity, 
the craving to realize in one's life as well as one's creed the unity of society 
and the brotherhood of man, is beginning to assert itself in a new way. If 
the question with which the average inquirer approaches the subject of set- 
tlement is, " How did any one come to think of it ? " his wonder after a little 
examination into its meaning and nature is that no one ever thought of it 
before. The essentials of the movement are so few, and the methods so 
simple and pliable, that it seems strange it should never declare itself until 
Toynbee Hall came into existence a little more than ten years ago. Efforts 
to maintain such standards as those for which the settlement strives have 
never been wanting, but they have generally been literary and philosophi- 
cal in their expression, rather than experimental and social. For this rea- 
son any formulation of the faith out of which the movement grows, is full 
of familiar phrases and truisms, while continued activity in the settlement 
itself, and actual absorption of its animus, suggest new possibilities for both 
individual and social life, even under present external conditions. Grant- 
ing that profession is always in advance of practice, and conception of action, 
much can be done inside the boundaries of existing laws and forms before 
we have secured to ourselves all the benefits within our reach. Some of 
these benefits it is the aim of the settlement to bring to its residents, neigh- 
borhood and friends — the benefits of mutual acquaintance, enlightened 
sympathies and tolerant co-operation among people of widely varying educa- 
tion, possessions, surroundings and traditions. 

To endeavor to justify one's faith in settlement by enumerating the 
achievements of Hull-House would be, as one Frenchwoman has said, worse 
than a crime; it would be silly. But to illustrate the manner in which one- 


settlement has thus far worked itself out, by telling something of its growth 
during the last year, may have a secondary value. 

As one grows accustomed to the turmoil of the very active life at Hull- 
House, and begins to hear harmonies among the instruments that seemed 
to the untutored ear so confusing, one distinguishes the various groups 
which in an organized institution would be styled departments. By far the 
greatest amount of time and energy goes into the social channel, and its 
broad sweep carries forward most if not quite all the people who come to 
the House to the number of a thousand a week, whether or not they osten- 
sibly come for the sake of mere acquaintance. Many things that would 
sink of their own weight are borne along by the current of good-fellowship. 
From the sewing of the small girls and debating of the young boys to the 
street-cleaning of the Nineteenth Ward Improvement Club and the stump- 
ing for honest politics by the Men's Club, the pill of duty done goes down 
easier for the gelatine coating of pleasant association at a genial soul's fireside. 

But while nearly everything is mixed and surrounded with sociability, 
some features are social pure and simple — receptions and dancing-parties, 
tea-drinkings and musicals, German circles, calling, entertaining with 
games, charades and every form of amusement — these fill an important 
place in Hull-House life. 

The college extension courses, attended by some two hundred students, 
and branching into a Students' Association of eighty members, with debat- 
ing, musical, dramatic and literary sections, as well as leading to gymnastic 
work, form a focus for the educational interest. The gymnasium is used 
by all clubs meeting at Hull-House, as well as by students, .and there, every 
Sunday afternoon, is given a concert or lecture open to the public, while a 
People's Chorus sings in the same hall every Friday evening, four hundred 
strong, under the leadership of Mr. Tomlins. The public reading-room in 
the Butler Gallery, and the delivery station for books from the Chicago 
public library might be called educational, but the building is of course 
public, and frequented by many who are not students. The kindergarten is 
both educational and humanitarian, as the expense of teaching the children 
is not defrayed by their families, and here the way is opened to the charge 
of pauperizing the poor. I suppose if Mr. Rockefeller should present the 
little people with a stray million or two, and the friends who now contribute 


from year to year as their interest dictates should withdraw their gifts, the 
kindergarten would flourish as an Affiliated Younger Branch, or a similar 
endowed Samethingity, and drop the notion that it was supported by charity. 
As yet, however, it is associated with the Creche, playground, relief work 
and diet kitchen as among the gifts from people with a surplus to people 
with a deficit. Descriptions of three of these gifts, together with accounts 
of some of the other things here mentioned as belonging to the tangible 
side of Hull-House, will be found in "The Objective Value of Social Settle- 
ments." The playground is of later date than the paper referred to, and is 
a large open space, about 325x125 feet, cleared of rotten and foul tenements, 
last spring, filled with sand, and furnished with swings, turning poles, etc., 
and given rent free for the children's use. 

Relief work has never been a chief feature at Hull-House, but during this 
winter of appalling misery and destitution it has assumed such proportions 
as to burden and almost defy the united forces of the House. Among the 
friends who have contributed money for the very poor in the district are the 
Jane Club, composed of working-girls, the Young Men's Debating Club, the 
Hull-House Women's Club and the Jolly Boys' Club, all made up of neigh- 
borhood people and meeting regularly at the House. Temporary rooms, 
used as lodging-places for the stranded and destitute, have been fitted up 
near by, and it has been imperatively necessary to visit a very great many 
of the poor, and spend an unusual amount of time assisting the indigent to 
reach the ear of organized charity. Miss Lathrop, who had, during long 
residence at Hull-House, established cordial relations with many city and 
State institutions, was last spring asked to act on the Illinois State Board of 
Charities, and since that time has served as a member of that body, while 
continuing in the settlement. 

The coffee-house and Hull-House kitchen would perhaps be called indus- 
trial. They supply nutritious and well-cooked viands to the public at the 
lowest rates possible, and hope to compete with cheap restaurants and 
saloons as far as possible. Selling soups and coffee in quantities for eon- 
sumption in factories has been successfully inaugurated, and an effort is 
now being made to serve ten and fifteen-cent dinners and suppers. Per- 
haps the only temperance work done by the House beyond that of provid- 
ing as many clubs and entertainments as can be arranged, to eclipse "the 


workingman's club-house," and furnishing the coffee-house to the general 
public and the billiard-room overhead to the Hull-House Men's Club of 
nearly one hundred and fifty members, is what is indirectly accomplished by 
giving the large gymnasium for balls, and furnishing hot suppers and " soft 
drinks" to the dancers, many of whom are generally very drunk at the 
close of a similar affair held over a saloon. The members of the Jane Club 
have been largely instrumental in banishing liquors from the Trades and 
Labor Assembly parties, although the fact that the hall is given free of 
charge may have, in the Halsted street vernacular," its infloonce." Hull-House 
residents are usually invited to the dances, and received warmly and 

I cannot better describe the Jane Club and Coal Association than by the 
word co-operative. They are both industrial, for they enable members to 
save money and gain substantial benefits, besides a sense of responsibility 
and a knowledge of business methods. The former has grown to a member- 
ship of fifty, and during the past month one hundred and thirty have joined 
the latter. By buying coal in quantity from one dealer, the members get 
wholesale rates and full measure. Arrangements are also made for deliver- 
ing bushels and smaller quantities at almost the same rates. In a poor dis- 
trict, less than in any other in the world, can a man afford to stand alone. In 
co-operation with others is his only salvation, and one of the boasts of a 
settlement is that it is a rallying point around which men of common inter- 
ests may unite for individual and collective safety. 

The Labor Bureau belongs also among the efforts to promote industry, 
although it lias neither income nor expense. 

Through the agency of Mrs. Florence Kellev, resident at the House, a 
bill was last winter prepared and presented to the State Legislature, pro- 
viding for the restriction of the term of labor in factories to eight hours a 
day for women and minors; for the further protection of minors; for the 
exclusion of children under fourteen from factories and workshops; and for 
the sanitation of manufactured articles. When the bill became a law, Mrs. 
Kelley was appointed factory inspector for the State, and now has her office 
in the neighborhood, which abounds with emploj'ees and manufactories 
affected by the law. Considerable statistical work has been and is being 
done in this connection, as well as in another line. A careful canvass of 


part of the neighborhood was last spring undertaken by the resident who is 
now factory inspector, and some of the facts ascertained by five people dur- 
ing three months, as well as comments by different residents on special sub- 
jects, which have crystallized as the most definite results of the sociological 
investigation carried on from the House, will be published soon under the 
title "Hull-House Maps and Papers." 

To an outsider these accounts may sound more satisfactory than vague 
descriptions of the House, but to a resident they mean less than those 
intangible things it is hard to chronicle. Perhaps the initial attraction to 
the casual visitor, and the most unfailing charm to the old-timer is the 
abounding hospitality of the place and the free and genial attitude of all 
who come to Hull-House habitually. Leaders and inquirers, advisers and 
followers, teachers and students are alike well-wishers and assured friends. 
As one tries to put into a nut-shell the value and character of this settle- 
ment, there are three words that come to one's mind — enthusiasm, per- 
manence, adaptability ; enthusiasm of purpose, permanence of work, adapta- 
bility of method. The first comers to Hull-House were possessed by the 
spontaneous desire to know the lives of working people, and fired with faith 
in the proletariat — their interest was no trumped-up interest, no forced or 
artificial thing, stuffed with a mistaken sense of duty. Miss Addams and 
Miss Starr came to Halstead street because they could not keep away, as 
one reaches out his hand to find a friend in the dark. And they came for 
good. They threw in their lot with the nineteenth ward, to reside, to 
"settle," not to experiment or to test. The neighborhood counts on them 
as it counts on its own needs, and this fact alone gives Hull-House its 
strongest hold. And then the place grows. There is no fixed programme, no 
unyielding line. If, one year, the children (lock in thick and fast the settle- 
ment starts kindergarten and creche. If another time the parents come 
often and admire the pictures on the walls, loan exhibitions of the best art 
in the city are opened in the Butler Gallery. If, again, the neighborhood 
clamors for sports, a gymnasium goes up. This year the whole town is 
weighed down with want, the nineteenth and adjoining wards most of all. 
The House opens a relief office and dispenses clothing, food and money, not 
in proportion to the need, but to its own resources. When demands are 
too great, and they always are, the most insistent are met, and those things 
that can wait are dropped until the pressure lightens somewhere. 


The powerful personality directing the lines along which Hull-House has 
grown for four years is undoubtedly the only adequate explanation of the 
vigor and breadth attained, but if one should attempt to translate that 
personality into abstract qualities, one would say strong social instinct and 
glowing faith in men, welded together with human love and vivified with a 
spark of divine fire. Miss Addams herself says, " The best speculative 
philosophy sets forth the solidarity of the human race ; the highest moralists 
have taught that without the advance and improvement of the whole no 
man can hope for any lasting improvement in his own moral or material 
individual condition. The subjective necessity for social settlements is 
identical with that necessity which urges us toward social and individual 

Being so broad a thing, settlement aj)peals, it would seem, to any who 
have a vision of its possibilities. One who believes in it is, I think, always 
a trifle discouraged to have it regarded as a thing apart. To him it seems, 
like labor, to be " broad as earth, with its summit in Heaven," If it could 
only go unnamed, and not be harnessed to the details that are its manifesta- 
tions but not its essence — if it could be separated in the minds of some 
from missions and industrial schools, in the minds of others from charities 
and philanthropies, and in the minds of still others from even such excellent 
things as universities and colleges — if it could be declasse., and to be appre- 
hended as something of no sort but its own — that of free, generous, mani- 
fold living — perhaps its future would be swift as well as sure. 

One is asked what is most essential in a resident. When there are so many 
opportunities for the play of every kind of individual strength, it is difficult 
to single out certain qualities as the most indispensable. Generally, it is nec- 
essary, however, to be ready to learn as well as to teach, to follow as well as to 
lead, to accept and develop new ideas as well as test one's own. All effort to 
force unsuitable methods upon those whose traditions are already formed, 
is sure to be thankless, and the conviction that one knows exactly what to 
do, and just how to do it, if it sustains the shocks of a few weeks of settle- 
ment life, is apt to prove fatal to any great effectiveness. But people who 
differ utterly in attainments and experience may be equally useful, and of 
two apparently alike in character and tastes, one may be invaluable and the 
other only in the way. There is an intangible something, known as settle- 

180 the weleesley magazine. 

nient "temperament," which sometimes exists. Its secret probably lies in 
quality of motive — nowhere is the wheat of unselfishness more relentlessly 
sifted, and the metal of self-sacrifice more severely tried, than in such a place 
as Hull-House. 

The danger of ambition, warranted to corrupt any growing power that is 
vulgarly thought "to pay" ; the danger of institutionalism, tending to sup- 
plant life with mechanism ; the danger of false sentimentality and faddism, 
resulting through its barren tears and idle trifling in the disintegration of 
the very backbone of purpose — -these three enemies and other minor men- 
aces surround the settlement. It may be that by steering clear of these, and 
by following out the simple and natural plan of giving people where we 
have too long given things, and of contributing the best available powers 
and gifts to leaven the toil of those upon whom the world's work falls 
heavily, the settlement will determine whether or not it shall become a pow- 
erful and permanent feature of civilization. 

Note. — For fuller accounts of the clubs and other organizations connected with Hull- 
Houre, the reader is referred to two papers by Miss Jane Addams, one on " The Subjec- 
tive Necessity for Social Settlements," and the other on " The Objective Value of Social 
Settlements." These papers were first read before the School of Applied Ethics at Ply- 
mouth, then published in the October and November numbers of ''The Forum" for '92, 
and appear with other papers in book form under the title of "Philanthropy and Social 
Progress," published by T. Y. Crowell, Boston. I have aimed, in writing on "Hull-House," 
to present mainly the development of the past year, and have almost presupposed famil- 
iarity with Miss Addams' account, as well as some knowledge of settlement work in general. 

Agnes Sinclair Holbkook. 

God's earth is hung with pearls to-day. Heaven bends 

Close, close above, with tenderest caress, 

And smiles her gray, soft smile. The fleecy dress 
In which the fields are clad, in beauty blends 
With Heaven's gray, where the horizon ends; 

And 'gainst the sky, in airy daintiness, 

The feathery birches, pearl-strung, thronging press. 
The day, like God's own peace, all words transcends. 
The noise and fret of life are wrapped so deep 

Within the silence of the fallen snow r , 

That God's breath o'er the whole world seems to blow. 
O, fair day, in thy beauty thou dost steep 

My senses and my mind ! I only know 
Thy perfectness doth almost make me weep. M. G. McC, '92. 



THE tendency of the nineteenth century to revert to ideals of the past is 
nowhere more clearly seen than in its poetry. Our restlessness and 
eagerness hope to find satisfaction in the experiences of previous genera- 
tions. Hence our modern poets attempt to translate these experiences 
into the terms of the nineteenth century. In some cases this translation is 
accomplished with a startling perfection. Then again we find our own 
times dominating the age which the artist tries to set before us. 

The three epochs of the past which have the greatest interest to the 
modern poets are the classical or Hellenic period, the mediaeval period, and 
the period of the Renascence. In one of these three nearly every one of 
the modern poets takes an intense interest. Often he feels the influence of 
more than one period, being differently affected at different times of his life. 

Tennyson is a good illustration of this fact. While we find him showing 
the classical influence in " Ulysses," the life of the Middle Ages influences 
" St. Agnes' Eve " and " Sir Galahad," and a very perfect reproduction of the 
Renascence period is given in the Palace of Art. 

Though poetry and prose can hardly be judged by the same canon, yet a 
comparison between Sir Thomas Mallory's story of Sir Galahad, the inspira- 
tion of the modern poet, and Tennyson's stirring lyric may suggest the 
similarities and differences of the two ages. As the story of Sir Galahad, 
his quest of the Holy Grail and his success through purity, is so familiar I 
will not linger on it. 

We find the two predominant elements of Medievalism to be asceticism 
and chivalry. These are very marked in the Morte d' Arthur and in the 
Galahad story. 

The whole scene of King Arthur's court, with the knights enjoying their 
good fellowship suggests the chivalrous spirit. Our introduction to Sir 
Galahad is on the occasion of his receiving the order of knighthood from 
the hand of his father, Sir Launcelot. Mallory's quaint little description of 
Sir Galahad gives us at once an inkling of his character. " He was seemly 
and demure as a dove, with all manner of good features, that he weened of 
his age never to have seen so fair a man of form." 

The element of chivalry is again given prominence in the tournament 
held by the Knights of the Round Table before they started on their quest 


of the Holy Grail. " Then Sir Galahad, l>3' the prayer of the King and 
Queen, did upon him a noble jesserance, and also he did on his helm. And 
the Queen was in a tower with all her ladies to behold that tournament." 

The element of chivalry is far more prominent in Malory than the ascetic 
element. But in the course of their adventures the knights are constantly 
being wounded, and a hermit always appears most opportunely and dresses 
the wound and cares for the knight in his cave. There are many abbeys at 
which the knights have strange adventures and hear wonderful stories from 
the monks. 

The delight in the marvellous, a lesser feature of the old romance of 
chivalry, Malory sets before us in a most interesting way. The simplicity 
of the belief in the mysteries adds greatly to the charm of the tale. Listen 
to this account of the mysterious presence of the Holy Grail. " And after 
that they went to supper, and every knight sat in their place as they were 
beforehand, then anon they heard cracking and crying of thunder, that they 
thought the place should all to rive. In the midst of the blast entered a 
sunbeam more clear by seven times than ever they saw day, and all they 
were alighted of the grace of the Holy Ghost. . . . Then there entered 
into the hall the Holy Grail covered with white samite, but there was none 
that might see it, nor who bare it, and there was all the hall fulfilled with 
great odours, and every knight had such meat and drink as he best loved in 
the world, and when the Holy Grail had been borne through the hall, then 
the holy vessel departed suddenly, that they wist not where it became." 

The wonderful story of Sir Galahad's sword and that of the white shield, 
with many others equally delightful and mysterious, show this same simple 
belief in the marvellous. 

As the knights start on the quest of the Holy Grail, their evident sin- 
cerity of purpose strikes a note entirely foreign to any preceding period, 
the note of spiritual aspiration. The one supreme desire of the noblest 
knight was not mere adventure for the glory and success in arms, but a life 
of purity that he might be found worthy of obtaining the Holy Grail. Sir 
Launcelot, who is described as the best knight of any sinful man in the 
world, is led to try to expiate his sins in order that he might obtain the 
purity through which alone the Grail would be revealed to him. Sir 
Galahad shows this note of spiritual aspiration by the efforts he makes to 


preserve his purity in his quest. He hears mass frequently, and is confessed 
before starting on his journey to insure him against temptation. 

It seems somewhat incongruous to find the modern poet, amid all the 
stirrings in the scientific world and the hard realism which pervades the 
nineteenth century, turning back to this childlike mystery. We see in 
Tennyson's conception of Sir Galahad the passion for chivalry, the ascetic 
motif less strongly, the mystery, and the note of spiritual aspiration. 

The element of chivalry running throughout the whole poem is especially 
brought to notice in these lines : 

" The shattering trumpet shrilleth high, 

The hard brands shiver on the steel, 
The splintered spear-shafts crack and fly, 

The horse and rider reel ; 
They reel, they roll in clanging lists, 

And, when the tide of combat stands, 
Perfume and flowers fall in showers 

That lightly rain from ladies' hands. 
How sweet are looks that ladies bend 

On whom their favors fall ! 
For them I battle till the end, 

To save from shame and thrall." 

The treatment of this element is here more from the aesthetic side than the 
more serious treatment in the mediaeval romance. Notice how Tennyson 
dwells on the " Perfume and flowers that lightly rain from ladies' hands." 
The paramount interest in the old romance lies in the valour of the knight 
for its own sake, not for the sake of some fair lady. Yet we cannot deny 
the influence of the mediaeval ideal on Tennyson's work. The interest of 
the poem lies in the deeds prompted by the knighthood of Sir Galahad. In 
all his wanderings our attention is fixed on the youthful knight in his purity, 
meeting with one adventure after another in which his skill in arms may 
prove of service. 

The element of asceticism is less marked than the chivalrous element, but 
that phase of mediaeval life is suggested : 

" But all my heart is drawn above, 

My knees are bowed in crypt and shrine ; 
I never felt the kiss of love, 
Nor maiden's hand in mine. 


More bounteous aspects on me beam, 

The mightier transports move and thrill, 
So keep I fair through faith and prayer 

A virgin heart in work and will." 

The purity of Sir Galahad's life, withdrawn from " the kiss of love," pre- 
sents a strong contrast to Sir Launcelot, whose sin with Guinevere pre- 
vented him from obtaining the Holy Grail. Sir Galahad rides by "secret 
shrines," where he hears mysterious voices: 

"A maiden knight — to me is given 

Such hope, I know not fear; 
I yearn to breathe the airs of Heaven 

That often meet me here. 
1 muse on joy that will not cease, 

Pure spaces clothed in living beams, 
Pure lilies of eternal peace 

Whose odors haunt my dreams; 
And stricken by an angel's hand, 

This mortal armor that I wear, 
This weight and size, this heart and eyes, 

Are touch'd, are turn'd to finest air." 

These lines breathe the simple purity of a life lived apart from men. in 
consecration to a holy purpose. It is a less constrained conception of 
asceticism than Malory's, due to the broader ideas of the times. All that is 
revolting in asceticism is left out, giving us a softened and spiritualized 
view of it. 

We do not read Tennyson's lyric with the same wide-eyed wonder with 
which the mysteries in Malory inspire us. Tennyson gives us idealized 
views of the marvellous. 

" Sometimes on lonely mountain-meres 
I find a magic bark, 
I leap on board, no helmsman steers: 

I float till all is dark. 
A gentle sound, an awful light! 

Three angels bear the Holy Grail ; 
With folded feet in stoles of white, 

On sleeping wings they sail. 
Ah, blessed vision! blood of God! 
My spirit beats her mortal bars, 
As down dark tides the glory slides, 
And star-like mingles with the stars." 


This picture has not the simple, crude setting of Malory's, and though it 
lias a more elegant and finished beauty, it has not the spontaneous charm of 
the old romance. 

It remains to see what note of spiritual aspiration we find in the modern 
poem. In the lines already quoted : 

" I yearn to breathe the airs of Heaven 
That often meet me here," 

the soul aspires to reach beyond and above to that which is only dimly fore- 
shadowed here. In the closing lines of the poem we feel that this reaching 
forward into the eternal future is not in vain : 

" O just and faithful knight of God, 

Ride on! the prize is near; 
So pass I hostel, hall and grange; 

By bridge and ford, by park and pale, 
All-armed I ride, whate'er betide, 

Until I find the Holy Grail." 

Tennyson's reproduction is genuine in the prominence given to the 
chivalrous and ascetic motifs. His treatment of the marvellous is far more 
studied and has less of the reverent acceptance of the mysterious than the 
genuine work of the mediaeval period. 

The setting of the story is given much more care than the older tale. 
Our modern poet is touched by the aesthetic movement to give his story a 
beautiful idyllic presentation, contrasting strongly with the broken, crude 
form of the older period. 

In the modern work the reflective tone presents an entirely different 
phase from the fresh, breezy spirit of adventure in the Morte d'Arthur. 
Though the reproduction has a charm for us, the spontaneity and simplicity 
which breathe from the old romance are lacking. The modern work is 
more artistically conceived than Malory's simple tale, and it bears the marks 
of the reflective critical work of our modern literature. The germ sprang 
from the Middle Ages, but the presentation is of the nineteenth century. 

Gertrude Bigelow, '93. 



At silent time, departing day, 
Thy busy care awhile delay. 
How restful, and how sweetly still 
The peace that everywhere doth fill! 
And heavy weariness allay, 
At silent time. 

The vagrant winds no longer stray, 
Nor falling leaves with zephyrs play. 
A soft cloud rests on yonder hill 
At silent time. 

The waters calm 'neath mists of gray 
Their murmurs hush. In silence pray 
All things created by His will, 
And with one thought of promise thrill 
At silent time. 

Edith Sawyek. 


IT is hard to avoid a slight tinge of cynicism as one grows older, but of 
all its different forms which one would so gladly avoid, none seems quite 
so hopeless as that which an agnostic is apt to experience if he is brought 
much into contact with Christians, and the singular point is that the better 
the Christians he meets, the deeper the shadow of the cynicism which he 
cannot escape. For consider the position of an honest agnostic who is led 
to study carefully the teachings of Christ. If he has been accustomed to 
the study of other religions, to searching out what Buddha or Confucius or 
Zoroaster really taught, and if he tries to appty the same methods of work 
to the records of the life of the Nazarene, it will be but a short time before 
he discovers a painful discrepancy between the principles and the practice 
of modern Christianity. It is not that the characters of Christians fall 
short of Christ's standards — that might be set down to human weakness — 
but that no effort is made toward that standard. In regard to social mat- 
ters, that is ; there is a sufficiency of effort in other directions, and the texts 
enforcing spiritual truths have been so long dwelt on that the world has for- 
gotten there is a social side to Christ's teachings. Ours is a Christian 


civilization, but its material prosperity depends on the continued existence of 
a surplus labor class, and if some thought of the miseries of this class seems 
likely to trouble for a moment the virtuous complacency of the well-to-do, 
there is no lack of Christian philosophers to assure us that it is only through 
the struggle for existence that the standard of the race can be maintained, 
and that any relaxation of the fierce competition would mean immediate 
retrogression. The Teacher from whom our churches take their name bids 
His followers give to those who ask, to feed the hungry and clothe the 
naked, saying that whatever is done to the poorest is done to Him ; so by 
way of showing our devotion to His precepts, we minister to Him by proxy 
and maintain a network of societies and organizations and local and general 
boards, as well as an army of salaried officials, to perform for us the neigh- 
borly duties which Christ inculcated ; and when it becomes apparent that 
this method of dealing with poverty is sadly ineffectual, then, with a blind 
fatuity which if shown in any matter of business would be instantly exposed 
and swept aside, Jesus' mournful enunciation of a terrible fact is construed 
into an authorization, almost a benediction, of that fact, and Christian min- 
isters and Christian hymnologists unite in assuring us that 

" He has placed us side by side 
In this wide world of ill, 
And that his followers may be tried. 
The poor are with us still." 

It is hard to think of the difference between the teachings of Christ and the 
practice of Christians without becoming bitter, perhaps unfair, but certainly 
our agnostic would be justified in concluding that, by some curious process 
of mental or moral substitution, the words of his Master concerning social 
relations either mean absolutely nothing to the average believer, or else that 
their meaning is diluted into a vague, general direction to be as honest, as 
straightforward and as kindly as is quite consistent with his own private 
advantage. Some few noble exceptions to this generalization there are, 
great souls who kindle anew one's faith in human nature, but since these 
are almost invariably spoken of, by those who should most appreciate their 
lives, with mild contempt as being u well-meaning, but enthusiasts," "ex- 
tremists,'' or "fanatics," I am afraid the Church in general cannot be given 
the credit for their departure from her established customs. 


But are these things so of necessity? Are the teachings of Christ abso- 
lutely impracticable ? Those from whom faith in His divinity is gone 
apparently think not so, and from one at least of them we have a picture of 
his ideal of life, a state of society in which, with a few modifications, the 
precepts of Jesus are obeyed, not from any belief in their divine origin, not 
from an} r thought of virtue gained or sin avoided by submission to them, 
but simply because the mind of man, freed from the crushing weight of 
centuries of ignorance and injustice, recognizes that in these short and sim- 
ple sayings lies the secret of all true happiness and noble living. But before 
we decide that his ideal is impracticable, let us see definitely what are the 
social teachings of Christ. 

Accepting the New Testament stoiy of the life of Christ as true, we find 
the keynote of his work struck before his birth, when the message of his 
advent was brought to Mary. Not from the wealthy and educated was he 
to spring ; the message he brought was not to be intrusted to the thinkers, 
to the polished, broad-minded, refined men of his nation, and through their 
efforts at last to trickle down to the great mass of the lower orders. No, 
the vivifying impulse was to come from below. Christ was born of a family 
of working-people, and the first human beings to whom His birth was an- 
nounced were poor shepherds bugied about their common occupations. Of 
his boyhood and youth we know too little to judge whether this affiliation 
with the poor was manifested throughout ; it is only legend which assures 
us that He himself worked at His father's trade. But of the tenor of His 
teachings there can be no doubt. To examine fully His injunctions as to 
man's social relations, and His own practice in this respect is quite too exten- 
sive a work for our present inquiry, but we may perhaps consider some of 
His leading principles. His social teachings seem to centre about two great 
themes, non-resistance to evil, and love to one's neighbor. 

First, as to non-resistance to evil, which is, possibly, the harder doctrine 
for us to accept, though we make no better shift at practising the other 
than this. If we take Christ's words at their face value we must admit that 
He teaches us that resistance to evil is wrong, no matter what ill may result 
from submission. This doctrine is taught not only by the proof texts on 
which Count Tolstoi lays so much stress, but by the whole tenor of Christ's 
life. It is not only that Jesus explicitly commands us to resist not evil, to 


turn the other cheek, to forgive unto seventy times seven ; He also gives us 
the example of doing this. Throughout His life, from the time when He met 
the anger roused by His first sermon at Nazareth by simply withdrawing 
himself from the excited throng up to the time when, brought as a lamb to 
the slaughter, He opened not His mouth before His judges, He calmly 
accepted whatever ill His enemies might seek to work Him. There is only 
one exception to this attitude of non-resistance, and that is found in 
Christ's cleansing the Temple. It is to be noted that in this case the evil 
was not directed against himself, and, further, that the act stands alone. In 
no case does Christ forcibly resist any evil wrought against Him or His 
followers, and when His disciples urge Him to show some such opposition, 
His rebuke is sharp and unmistakable. There is one passage which seems 
to contradict this general tone of His teachings: "But now, he that hath a 
purse, let him take it, and likewise a wallet, and he that hath no sword, let 
him sell his cloak and buy one." What this means is hard to understand ; 
it does not seem to involve an abrogation of His previous teachings, for His 
practice remains unchanged. But taking the words in their literal sense as 
a command to arm and resist violence, we still have only this one passage 
against the whole weight of Christ's life and teachings, before and after, for 
which reason I think it may fairly be disregarded. In considering this 
question of non-resistance, we may notice that it does not involve non-recog- 
nition or non-condemnation of evil ; Jesus is unsparing in His denunciation 
of wrong wherever He finds it ; what is does involve is the prohibition of 
any attempt to restrain evil by force. We may condemn evil, but the only 
way in which we may seek to overcome it is by good. 

Since the second principle is closely allied to the first, let us consider it 
before discussing the practicability of either. Love to one's neighbor ! 
What this love means Christ shows in the parable of the good Samaritan. 
Not a mere sentiment of generous good-will, not an abstract regard for the 
spiritual welfare of the world, not even a philanthropic desire to help man- 
kind as far as one's own convenience and pleasure will permit, but a warm, 
loving, human sympathy which will make us look. on all men as verily 
brothers, and convince us that if one human being is to our knowledge cold 
or hungry or cramped by poverty while we are warm and comfortable, then, 
though we may be thoroughly orthodox on all points of doctrine, though 


we may lead pure and holy lives and cherish high ideals, we are disobeying 

Christ's plain injunctions and have no right to call ourselves followers of 
the Nazarene. Nor can we escape from the strenuousness of His teaching 
by any plea of the evil results of relieving the weak or the wicked from the 
consequences of their own acts. It is rather remarkable how entirely Christ 
disregards the economic results of brotherly sympathy. "Give to him that 
asketh, and from him that would borrow of thee, turn not thou away." 
There is no hint here of giving only to those who deserve help, and we are 
expressly told to strive to become sons of that Father who maketh His sun 
to rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth rain on the just and the unjust. 
And it is also noticeable how heavy is Christ's condemnation of those whose 
offences have been, ;is we should think, of a negative character, who have 
simply failed to exercise this spirit of brotherly love. He denounces, indeed, 
the Scribes and the Pharisees, but in the parable of the Last Judgment it is 
not those who have been self-seeking and self-righteous who are to go away 
into everlasting punishment, but those who may have been very respectable 
citizens otherwise, yet who failed to feed the hungry and clothe the naked. 
We are not told that Dives was guilty of any sin of commission, and it is to 
be feared that most of the wealthy Christians of to-day, if put to the test of 
the rich young man, would meet it even as he did. 

There are two objections drawn from Christ's teachings against the giving 
up of all worldly wealth. The first is that by accepting the hospitality of 
the wealthy, by going to the feasts of the Pharisees, by visiting the home 
of Mary and Martini, Jesus authorizes the possession of wealth and the en- 
joyment of the comforts it brings, even while others are in absolute want. 
This seems to me on a par with saying that because Christ permitted the 
woman who was a sinner to anoint his feet with the spikenard "which had 
been one of the instruments of her unhallowed arts," and even commended 
her for doing so, he thereby sanctioned her way of life. The second is, that 
since the beloved disciple took Mary to "his own home," he could not have 
understood that Christ's teachings forbade the enjoyment of private means 
while others are in want. In regard to this we must observe that the word 
"home" as used here is purely conjectural, the Greek expression meaning 
simply "his own," and referring with equal propriety to friends or posses- 
sions; also that there is no reason whatever to suppose that St. John, if he 


did possess such property, is excluded from the statement that "as many as 
were possessors of lands or houses sold them and brought the prices of the 
things that were sold, and parted them to all, according as any man 
had need." 

Such are the two great principles which we may fairly deduce from 
Christ's social teachings, which indeed we can hardly avoid deducing if we 
read the Gospels as we would read the discourses of any other great teacher. 
We may say that His language is figurative and must not be taken as a sci- 
entific statement of facts. It is conceivable that this may be so, but in that 
case we are logically bound to believe that His moral teachings are also 
figurative, and that He had no serious intention of forbidding theft and 
covetousness and adultery. But granting that these principles are taught 
by Jesus, what are we to think of them ? Are they, or are they not practical ? 

That depends on what we mean by practical. If we mean, can they be 
made the rule of life, we must reply in the affirmative, for in every age there 
are a few strong souls who adopt them and act upon them. Tolstoi does it 
to a very large degree ; the slum sisters of the Salvation Army approach 
more nearby to perfection in this line; and more than one obscure and uned- 
ucated anarchist or socialist or labor agitator comes rather near this stand- 
ard of living, not from any desire to follow Christ, but because the love of 
humanity has been kindled in his heart, and has rendered forever impossible 
to him the selfish, non-human life which satisfies the majority of us. Nor 
does there seem any good reason why we should consider these teachings 
impossible of acceptance. It is true that any one adopting them would be 
looked upon as a fanatic, and accused of bringing his cause into disrepute, 
but we nowhere find any warning of Christ's, "Take heed that thou be not 
deemed an enthusiast." It is not the Master but the apostle who bids us 
let our moderation be known to all men, and when ve consider what St. 
Paul's own life was, it is evident that we might radically alter our present 
mode of living without stepping outside the bounds of moderation as he 
understood it. It is also true that any one attempting to follow these teach- 
ings must give up much that makes life pleasant, but " Whoso loseth his 
life for My sake and the Gospel's shall find it"; he may have to cut himself 
off from friends and family, but "Whoso hateth not father and mother for 
My sake is not worthy of Me"; and he must lead a life of hardship and pri- 


vation and continual self-denial, but "If any man will come after Me, let 
him deny himself and take up his cross and follow Me." 

If, however, by practical we mean, are they practiced, our answer must 
be as unhesitatingly a negative. We all know that with very few exceptions 
Christians pay no attention to these teachings. Some, realizing how stren- 
uous are their demands, openly declare that Christ's precepts cannot be 
obeyed ; more take it for granted that the) 7 inculcate only a general kind- 
liness which is by no means to interfere with the important concerns of 
modern life ; while a still greater number apparently give no thought what- 
ever to the matter ; for them these teachings do not exist. Considered in 
their social relations, I do not think we can find any difference between a 
respectable Christian and a respectable worldling ; each lives up to the con- 
ventional standard of his times and circumstances, and neither dreams of 
going beyond it. Of course, this does not apply to all Christians, but the 
mere fact that our civilization is what it is, proves conclusively that excep- 
tions to this rule are rare. 

Are we to confess, then, that the teachings of Christ are pitched too high 
for poor human nature, that they are a beautiful vision, incapable of realiza- 
tion? But His teachings offer the only avenue of escape from the injustice 
and wrong which so far have characterized all social relations, the way to 
which all great minds and true hearts have pointed us for ages past. Most 
miserable are we, most bitter and futile this life, if what is now must always 
be, if man can never rise above his nature as we know it now, to the height 
and beauty of the Christ life. Science brings us a more hopeful message. 
Looking back through the dim haze of geologic ages, she tells us that whole 
eons ago physical evolution reached its highest point, and in the perfected 
animal dawned the first glimmerings of a soul. Feeble indeed was the 
divine spark, and slow has been the growth of the psychical nature, handi- 
capped by its brute inheritance, but little does that matter if once we are 
sure that growth is there. What if eighteen hundred years have passed 
since Christ spake by Galilee, and to-day His words still fall on deaf ears? 
What is that to the unnumbered centuries of painful development which 
separate our Anglo-Saxon race from the Australian savage, almost as bestial 
as the gorillas, from which he is yet differentiated by ages of progress? And 
looking at the advance moral evolution has already made, science points us 


to a distant future when the sympathies, the moral and spiritual nature of 
man shall be developed equally with his intellect and quickwittedness ; a 
time when public oppression and private injustice shall have fallen into 
disuse as the wanton destruction of barbarian warfare has among us ; when 
the solidarity of the race is recognized as that of the family is now, and when 
the rule that might makes right will be given up in the sphere of mental 
power as it is even now falling into disrepute in connection with physical 
strength. No, He was no dreamer, no idle visionary, the Man of Nazareth. 
A prophet, rather, and the son of a prophet, who, looking far into the future, 
saw, looming through the mists of error and the fogs of earthliness, the blue 
hills of promise ; one who had insight to see and faith tc declare that the 
time must come when men shall outgrow the greed of gain and lust of power, 
and love shall be the law of life. Somehow, some time, it must come to pass ; 
ages, eons hence it may be, but toward it the whole creation tends, and 
knowing this we can wait patiently, sure that long after our eyes are closed 
the light shall shine for others, and that the long sowing and tending shall 
at last be crowned with fruition. 

" What if the vision tarry? 
God's time is always best; 
The true Light shall be witnessed, 
The Christ within confessed." 



It was that they loved the children, 
The children used to say, 
For there was no doubt 
That when school was out, 
At the same time every day, 
Down by the wall, 
Where the grass grew tall, 

Under the hedge of the holly-hocks, 
One by one, 
At the touch of the sun, 

Tli ere opened the four-o'clocks. 


It was that they loved the children, - 
But the children have gone away, 
And somebody goes 
When nobody knows, 
At the same time every day, 
To see by the wall, 
Where the grass grows tall, 

Under the hedge of the holly-hocks, 
How, one by one, 
At the touch of the sun, 

Still open the four-o' clocks. 

L. B., '94. 


WITH eyesight dimmed from the patient watching of small, bright- 
colored squares of paper, with whirring head, with a faint sense that 
the ways of color sensation are not unsearchable, but truly undiscoverable, 
and that no earthly object can be depended upon, with a general feeling of 
fatigue, disconsolation, skepticism, despair, the student of Physiological 
Psychology departed from the cold, darkling laboratory, and climbed the 
narrow winding stair to his room. He dropped into a large rocker and 
gazed purposelessly at the window. His eyelids drooped and a series of quad- 
rilateral negative after-images glided past his vision in broken succession. 

" In what a state of contrasted color is my mind ! " came floating down 
upon his stream of thought. " First I am filled with rapturous delight over 
these delicious shades of red, blue and yellow. Then hatred overpowers 
me ; for quickly follow the gloomy shadows of the theories of Helmholtz,, 
Herring and Franklin." He was not analytic and allowed this atrocious 
simile to pass intact. 

The last image melted into a mystic gray and faded away. And gradually 
the student was conscious of passing through a region of sombre grayness 
into one of more ethereous gray. It softly welled and throbbed, and carried 
him onward to a massive stone wall. In the wall there was a door, which 
opened noiselessly before him. He walked through the opening into a 
small, stone-walled apartment, where a misty form, seated in a corner, 
addressed him. "Tell me what thou desirest for all thy future existence, 
and thou shalt have thy desire," said the form in sepulchral tones. The 


student gasped at this stupendous proposition, and would have asked for 
time to deliberate ; but the voice sounded formidable, and in its tone was a 
demand for immediate reply. " I desire," tremblingly answered the stu- 
dent, " I desire, for all my future existence, a true friend — one who can be 
depended upon," with peculiar emphasis upon the last two words. "And 
thou shalt have thy desire," replied the lifeless voice, and motioned him 
toward an inner doorway. 

As in dreams one flies down-stairs, so moved the student into the space 
beyond and mingled with an innumerable company of etherealized men and 
women, who inhabited a large celestial area, which, he felt sure, was 
bounded, although he could not see the boundaries. The entire company 
seemed like a piece of well-oiled machinery. Its chief characteristic was 
amiability, and upon each countenance was a Mona Lisa smile. Soon 
the student was smiling too, and slipping around as a part of the great 
machinery. But he became tired of sliding in and out and around so 
smoothly and amiably, and finally, with some exertion, withdrew to a 
sequestered spot. There he sat and waited in hope of falling in with some 
one who would remain stationary for a few minutes and converse with him. 
Before long a radiant and smiling young woman drew near and seated her- 
self beside him on what appeared to be a moss-grown rock. " Am I not in 
what is'commonly called 'the future existence?'" he asked her. "You 
are," she replied. " But I do not seem to have found a true friend, and the 
voice in the — the vestibule said I should," he proceeded. " Sit here," she 
answered, " sit here long enough and you shall have your desire." But he 
sat there and pondered and wondered why he had given so foolish an answer 
to the one of sepulchral tones. " What is a whole universe of true friends 
compared to an eternal life of exploring, of seeking and finding the truth?" 
mused he. 

So he arose and, pushing backward into the dark ante-room, grew coura- 
geous, and addressed the mysterious form. "Reverend sire, I have desired 
rashly and now, with due reverence to thy dignity, I humbly beseech thee 
for an eternal existence devoted to exploring, to seeking and finding 
the truth ; for I judge the revelations of truth to be inexhaustible." 
After a long silence, the voice replied, " Son, I perceive that thou hast an 
unsatiable disposition, and art fickle. But since thou seekest, so far as thy 


understanding permits thee, for the highest good, thou mayest have thy 
desire. And although it will not hinder thee from finding a true friend, 
yet, in thy quest, thou shalt meet countless foes." The student bowed low, 
and a second time joined the company beyond ; but he did not feel as one 
of them, and, unimpeded, he again floated off into gray space. 

He had not gone far, however, when he met a being of his own kind, 
with stern brow and massive locks, and eagle eye. " Friend," said the stu- 
dent, " we appear to be in what is called ' the future existence.' I have 
been here for some time and confess with shame that now, for the first time, 
J think to inquire for God. Canst thou tell me where I shall find Him ? " 
The stranger elevated his brow and, with measured accent, replied, coldly, 
" Thou hast, no doubt, that old time notion of a personal God, who sits 
visibly enthroned in this, called 'the next world.' Reform thy ideas. 
There exists no such thing as a personal God. God is the controlling force 
of the universe for good." A very disheartened and dissatisfied expression 
crossed the face of the student. He framed his mouth to answer, " Prove 
tlij^ statement," but instantly, with a soft, rocking motion, he and the 
stranger began to drift apart. 

The rocking motion became more distinct, so distinct that he was rocked 
out of the land of mystic gray, and opened his eyes to see his chum leaning 
over the back of his chair. " You ha\e been enjoying a roaring sound 
sleep," said the chum, " and I just woke you to say that we have performed 
those little bright paper experiments exactly in the wrong way." 

The student rubbed his eyes and looked indifferent. " You don't take 
the news so hard as I expected," grumbled the chum. 

" What's the use," drowsily drawled the student. " This little matter of 
colored bits of paper is one of our explorations in the great search for truth. 
And for what better pastime can you ask? " 


TWO hundred years and more have rolled away since Eliot began his 
missionary labors in this neighborhood, and founded his villages of 
praying Indians. Eliot himself is still remembered and reverenced, but 
what of his dusky converts? Who knows or cares who they were, or what 


struggles they underwent before they renounced the religion of their people 
and the freedom of their woodland life to submit to the comprehensive 
requirements of this new faith? They have utterly passed away and yet, at 
times, from the pages of some volume of local history or from some package 
of old letters one of them will start forth, will take on a shadowy existence 
and haunt our memories and imaginations until we ourselves cannot tell 
whether he did or did not the things of which we dream ; we only know he 
might have done them. Listen to the story of such a one. 

Sassamon, one of the Narragansetts, was converted by Eliot's efforts, and 
applied himself with such zeal to the study of English and the Bible that he 
was soon employed as a teacher of the other praying Indians in and around 
Natick. In the eyes of the good Puritans about him such a position was an 
honor sufficient to satisfy the wildest ambition, and the work delightful 
enough to fill the heart and mind of any man. But, alas for Sassamon ! 
All around lay the illimitable forests, tempting him with their vistas of 
freedom, and day by day he saw, in his own people, who had not yet come 
under the spell of the white man's faith, living reminders of all that he had 
renounced. The forest winds called him, the petty routine of his civilized 
life grew daily more intolerable, the savage longing for liberty and for the 
old free, wild life stirred mightily within him, and Sassamon fled back to 
the wilderness, to the barbarian delights he had relinquished and the fierce 
superstitions he had abjured. 

But Eliot was not the man to let one of his flock stray away to destruc- 
tion. Into the forest he followed Sassamon, prayed for him, pled with him, 
left no stone unturned to win him again, and at last prevailed. Sassamon 
returned, meekly accepted the weary round of work and study his spiritual 
pastors marked out for him, and cast from him as a temptation of the Evil 
One all thought of the life he might have lived, the life which was still 
within his grasp if he chose to put forth his hand and take it. So faithful 
and zealous was he, so self-denying, so full of good works, that the sternest 
Puritan among them forgave his apostasy and looked upon him with favor. 

But a harder trial than he had yet known awaited Sassamon. The chief 
of the Narragansetts was preparing for that heroic and desperate struggle 
against the power of the English known as King Philip's war. Philip saw 
plainly the advantage of having Sassamon enrolled on his side. In spite of 


his affiliation with the English he was still respected and influential in his 
tribe ; his knowledge of the English language and customs, added to his 
natural gifts, would render him of the greatest value to Philip in the coming 
contest, while if he cast in his lot with the colonists he would be a propor- 
tionately dangerous foe. Moreover, his connection with his own people was 
still too close for Philip's preparations to be long hidden from him. At any 
cost his alliance must be gained. So Sassamon was invited to a solemn 
feast and afterwards, when the wise men of the tribe gathered for a council 
and the sacred pipe passed from mouth to mouth, Philip told his guest all 
the plan and asked his aid, or, if that might not be, at least his neutrality. 
Sassamon evaded a direct reply, and professing his need of time to consider 
the question, he succeeded in returning to Natick, whence, shortly after, he 
sent Philip his refusal to join in the scheme. But his position was not an 
enviable one. He knew the secret of Philip's plans; he alone could warn 
the colonists of their danger and enable them to meet it. Every day that 
he kept silent increased the likelihood of Philip's success, the probability 
that the white men who had received him as a brother would be swept 
away and the villages Eliot had founded utterly destroyed. On the one 
hand were his own people; the ties of blood, the strength of old attach- 
ments, the whole force of his earlier training drew him to them. The old 
longing for a life of freedom, the old savage delight in warfare pointed him 
to their side. And then — Philip had trusted him; how could he betray 
his confidence? But, on the other hand, Eliot, too, trusted him; Eliot, 
who had sought him and reclaimed him once and again from the wilderness, 
who had taught him this strange new religion of love and gentleness, and 
given him this firm, precious hope for the future; Eliot, who had loved 
him and made him his friend, and who was now away, confident that as far 
as in him lay Sassamon would guard from all harm the villages his teacher 
held so dear. Whether he spoke or whether he kept silence he must betray 
some one ; which should it be? The decision must be reached quickh r , too, 
— and it was. Making a secret trip to Boston, Sassamon disclosed the 
matter to Eliot and then went dejectedly back to Natick. 

We all know how the colonists, warned in time, foiled Philip's attempt, 
but how fared it with Sassamon ? His after history was brief. " There- 
after," says the old story, " was he very sad and sorry, and prayed greatly." 


But not for long. In betraying Philip's counsel to the English, Sassamon 
had taken his life in his hand, and Indian vengeance is neither slow nor 
uncertain. Shortly after his return from Boston he was found murdered, 
and though his assassins were never discovered there was little doubt that 
they were Indians of his tribe. One cannot but feel that death must have 
been a relief to him ; surely after such a decision as that to which he had 
been forced life could have held little pleasure for him. 

What was the right solution of the puzzling conflict of duties which con- 
fronted him, or was there no honorable way out ? It is hard to sav. 
Whatever he should have done, certainly it was well for the colonists, well 
for the after history of New England that he decided as he did. And for 
himself? He had deserted his own tribe, but he had been loyal to the 
English. He had ruined the cause of his own people, but he had saved the 
colonists. He had broken the ties of a lifetime, he had been false to those 
of his own blood and speech, he had betrayed the confidence of Philip, but 
— he had been true to Eliot. "Greater love than this hath no one, that a 
man lay down his life to save his friend," but Sassamon did more ; he laid 
down his honor and his conscience. 


At New Year's time! Yes, that's the day 
When everybody mends his way, 
And muses on his wickedness 
And little traits he should suppress, 
Before they gain too potent sway. 
But now the year is growing gray, 
I'd best be careless while I may, 
For I shall everything confess 
" At New Year's time! " 

You'll wonder, then, when you survey 
Those rare new virtues I'll display. 
But have you doubts if such success 
Is won so soon? You're right, and — yes, 
It's far too easy now to say, 

" At New Year's time! " 

S. 15. 



IN all the discussion of the Hawaiian affair which has been going on with 
so much acrimony for months past, the surprising feature is the absence of 
consideration for the rights of the native Hawaiians. We hear a great deal 
about the claims of Liliuokalani and the young princess ; the respective 
merits of Mr. Blount and Mr. Stevens are debated ad nauseam; the virtues, 
statesmanship, prudence and magnanimity of the Provisional Government 
are extolled to the utmost; but only at long intervals do we hear the slight- 
est reference to the natives, and when we do, they are usually introduced 
and dismissed with the remark that they "are quite incapable of self-gov- 
ernment and need a strong administration, which can be given them only 
by foreigners." Even those who dwell most on the moral aspect of the 
case, laud or condemn Mr. Cleveland's action solely from the point of view 
of the queen or president, not with any reference to the claims the native 
population has to consideration. 

This neglect is especially singular as found among a people who have 
always upheld the divine right of majorities, and taught that a poor govern- 
ment administered by the people is better than the best rule forced upon 
them from outside. Whether Queen Liliuokalani or President Dole holds 
the reins of power should make little difference to Americans, but one might 
have supposed that the question of whether the natives wished the change 
of rulers, whether they took any share in the revolution, or were even con- 
sulted about it, might be a matter of some moment to our champions of 
democracy. Instead of this, it never seems to have occurred to the majority 
of our press and our public that the government of Hawaii is a subject with 
which the natives have any real concern ; it is something to be adjusted 
between the ex-queen, the provisional government and our own country, 
and the Hawaiians are expected to accept meekly whatever may prove sat- 
isfactory to these. 

What makes this indifference more remarkable is the contrast it presents 
to the strong sympathy shown by many of these same journals and readers 
for another race in a similar position. In many respects the relation between 


the native Hawaiians and the upholders of the provisional government 
resembles that existing between the negroes and the whites in the black 
belt of the South. In both cases there is a majority, weak, ignorant, un- 
trained mentally and morally, unfit for power of any kind, a menace, in so 
far as they have any political strength, to all good government ; in both 
there is a minority, capable, educated, intelligent, able and determined to 
rule with the strong hand for the good of all concerned. Why is the result 
in the one case looked upon with such reprobation, and in the other with 
such approval ? Why is the disregard of the rights of the majority so much 
worse in South Carolina than in Honolulu? Why is the suppression of the 
negro vote in the Gulf States a menace to republican institutions, while the 
disregard of the Hawaiian vote is the sole guarantee of good government in 
the islands? Why is the rule of an Anglo-Saxon minority lauded to the 
skies when it is established in Hawaii, while no words can be found strono- 
enough to condemn the same policy pursued in our own country? Is it a 
case in which distance lends enchantment, or is it the result of a profound 
modesty convincing us that though an act done by ourselves is evil, the same 
act performed by another people becomes at once wholly good? or is it, can 
it be possible, that the legislators and editors, who for years past have been 
enunciating such lofty moral views on the negro question are but sounding 
brass and tinkling cymbals, after all, and care nothing for the " suppression 
of the political rights of a whole race " when there is no danger that such a 
course will endanger their own party interests? 


IT is extremely gratifying to note that Smith and Wellesley are at last 
drawing a little nearer together. We certainly feel much better 
acquainted with the girls at Northampton since the visit of Miss Atwood 
and Miss Barrows, and the account which we heard of the Christian work 
at Smith. The delegates from our Association, too, who went to Smith, 
returned with most friendly and enthusiastic reports of their visit there. 
Undoubtedly a more friendly feeling exists between the two colleges than 
ever before. This is as it should be, and we trust that before long other 
points of common interest will be discovered which will bring Smith and 
Wellesley together. College journalism may perhaps be one of them. 


ANY one looking over the publications of the women's colleges might 
well say with Hamlet : " They have a plentiful lack of wit ! " They 
are even more " exceedingly solemn " than the men's journalistic efforts. 
If he did not know the contributors of these articles, solemn, sentimental, 
or learned, the critic might assume that they were incapable of producing 
anything with a sparkle to it. But we who know them think it true of 
them as it was of Hudibras : 

" We grant, altho' he had much wit. 
He was very shy of using it." 

It is an indisputable fact that girls can be funny ; our class-histories, our 
farces and parodies prove it no less than the girl whose mission it seems to 
be to keep the whole table on a grin through every meal-time. But when 
it comes to writing for the college paper the girl whose eyes are always 
dancing with fun, whose tongue is ever ready with a jest, if she consents to 
write at all, sits down, wrinkles up her forehead and writes an article on 
Greek sculpture or some topic equally light and amusing. Why could she 
not have jotted down some bright fancy as it flitted through her bead, or 
have expended her labor on some verses that would show the world that a 
woman can be funny ? She would not have to work half as hard as she 
does over her Greek marbles, and the average mortal would find the bit of 
nonsense far more palatable. Let's have some fun, now ! For the honor of 
the feminine mind, let the wits of our college world come forward. 


IN all probability the eye of those august persons under whose direction 
are issued the great dailies, which count their circulation by thousands 
and hundreds of thousands, will never fall upon an editorial in the Welles- 
ley Magazine. Nevertheless, we wish to raise our humble protest against 
the action of those aforesaid august persons. Why do so many of the large 
journals have one page conspicuously headed, %k Women's Page "? Must a 
woman needs confine her reading to the newest creations of the Paris 
modistes and the latest cut in skirts, seasoned here and there with a bit of 
gossip about the Prince of Wales or some other titled European ? Those 
things have their place, but the}' are certainly not the one object of atten- 
tion of even the most frivolous of women. You might as well have a men's 


page devoted to new suitings and the latest news of Mr. J. L. Sullivan and 
bis peers. It is not in keeping with the progress of the age to thus imply- 
so narrow a limit to our interests. Women may and do read the rest of the 
paper, even to the editorials, and that title has no real meaning, except as a 
relic of a narrower and bygone age. Why retain it, then, O noble editor? 


IN our sheltered little corner of the world we heard reports of the poverty 
and misery which have come to so many this winter ; we shook our 
heads ; we said it was dreadful ; yet to many of us it meant little more than 
the account of the Black Death of the fourteenth century does. But the 
vacation has scattered us far and wide over the country, north, south, east 
and west ; and it is doubtful if one of us has found a spot so fortunate as to 
be free from the universal distress. It now means something to us ; we 
have seen it in the concrete ; and every womanly heart is eager to help the 
suffering. Cannot Wellesley do something as a whole ? There have been 
contributions of money and clothing made by small groups or by individual 
houses ; money has been sent to the city missionaries ; but we want some 
organized plan that shall include every girl in college. 

It is suggested that the college settlements might be our best agents in 
distributing funds ; the residents are personally acquainted with their neigh- 
bors, who are of just the class to feel the distress most, and the help would 
then undoubtedly be given to the most deserving. But whatever method 
we take, let us make a systematic and earnest effort to do what we can for 
those around us, who need, more than we can ever know, every cent which 
we can give them. 


Zfyt S«e (press. 

Every student has some purpose in entering college. In some cases this pur- 
pose is a vague and indefinite thought of some benefit to be received from such a 
course, with but slight conception of the reciprocal nature of a college education. 
These are the students who pass in and out of the college life without realizing 
its full significance; without realizing that it might have been for them to have 
taken a personal and active part in furthering the broadest and noblest that was 
to be found in the college life, and in putting aside that which was trivial and 

With the majority, however, the question of a college education has been one 
of careful consideration. A definite purpose has been marked out, the college 
chosen that will best further that purpose, and entered with the full determina- 
tion to exert one's best powers in accomplishing that which is desired. 

After a year or two in college a student has more or less acquired the trend of 
that institution and is ready to inquire whether or not she is receiving that for 
which she entered. By this time she has discovered man}' of the peculiar advan- 
tages and is becoming cognizant of the various questions and phases of college 
life that should command the attention of every college woman. If she have the 
truest conception of the character and worth of a college education, she has gone 
a step farther, and in her recognition of existent problems has questioned her 
own personal responsibility to them. 

To the Wellesley student who holds worthy purposes for herself and high 
ideals for the college which she represents; who realizes with the keenness of 
affection and loyalty the various advantages and problems of the college life, any 
question which deals with the advancement and broadening of the individual or 
the college as a whole has a pertinent interest. As such a question the considera- 
tion of our college government appeals to every thinking Wellesley student as a 
problem to which she stands in an individual relation. 

The first step in dealing with any question, before change is to be suggested, 
is an attempt to understand as thoroughly as may be the existing conditions; and 
to discover wherein they fail to accomplish what is desired. In considering the 
present condition of our college government, the striking feature is the entire 


separation of the governing and governed bodies. This separation gives rise to 
two objectionable features : the governing body, no matter how great their 
wisdom, are hindered in their legislative functions by not knowing the desires, 
the attitude and fitness of the students as a body. The students on their part, 
being obliged to give no personal thought to the matter of government, lose the 
feeling of individual responsibility, a loss which gives rise to some of the most 
objectionable features of our college life. 

It has been said that every student who goes to college enters into a contract 
between the college faculty on the one hand, and the student body on the other. 
By this contract the student is bound to submit herself to all the college rules and 
regulations, but with the understanding that these rules are not unchangeable 
as the laws of the Medes and Persians, and that, if she is dissatisfied with her 
part of the contract, she has the right to protest, and, of course, if the grievance 
should go too far, a right to annul that contract as far as it concerns herself. 
She can withdraw from college. As the understanding appears, the student does 
not promise any mere blind, unquestioning observance of rules ; she reserves to 
herself the privilege of negotiating a change or modification if so minded, and 
inasmuch as it is the duty of every person to secure for himself the best condi- 
tions of life compatible with his highest interests, this latter may be viewed in 
the light of a duty just as much as the former. Properly to perform either of 
these duties requires a lively interest in the purposes of college government, and 
an intelligent understanding of the same, and in both of these are the Wellesley 
students lacking. Take the matter of the ignorance of the average student as to 
the purposes of government; ask the first student you meet why compulsory 
chapel is insisted on, or why a conditioned student must, under certain circum- 
stances, withdraw from all outside work. She will not know. Ten to one the 
answer will be a careless, " Crankiness, I suppose," or words to that effect. And 
just the same with other cases. Of course this ignorance is largely the fault of 
the student. It must arise from a lack of interest ; rather from a perfect indiffer- 
ence as to the purposes of government. As long as the average student does not 
suffer any great annoyance from the rules; as long as she can with but little dis- 
comfort evade or submit to them ; as long as they are not matters of immediate 
importance, she will very probably, in this busy life of ours, not quickly interest 
herself in them. And we cannot entirely blame her as an individual. It would 
take much time and careful thought, both of which could be ill-spared by our 
student for no appreciable result, to investigate properly the rules. Besides, to 
whom could the inquiring student apply for information? 


Of course, with the prevailing indifference as to the general purposes of the 
various rules, there is a wide-spread feeling of irritation. Harshness and injus- 
tice must attend the workings of every human law, just as friction must be present 
in every machine; but where any governed body does not realize the general 
justice and expediency of a certain law, the particular cases of harshness and 
injustice are sure to cause much irritation and anger, for there is nothing under 
which one so smarts as a feeling of being treated with unnecessary injustice. 
But this feeling, though very general, is yet largely individual. You may often, 
after dinner, hear one or two students discussing certain cases, but desultory and 
superficial discussion has not as yet led to anything further; it has brought 
about no broadening of interests; no determination to get at the reasons for, say, 
the decision talked over; no united attempt to alter that decision. There seems 
to be at present absolutely no co-operation among the students in this direction. 

It is but natural and right, in dealing with this question, to consider the posi- 
tion of the governing body as regards any action on the part of the students to 
remedy these evils. As heads of an institution that seeks the highest develop- 
ment of women, their attitude must ever be one of ready recognition of every 
indication on the part of the students that they are becoming fitted for larger 
responsibilities. Were it otherwise, they defeat the very end they are seeking 
to secure. From past experience, from the sympathy shown, and the 
desire they have expressed for the advancement of the highest interests of the 
college, the conviction is irresistible that the faculty would meet with hearty co- 
operation any movement on the part of the students to show that they were 
beginning to take a personal interest in remedying the undesirable features of the 
college. A little careful thought on our part is enough to convince us to our 
shame that the narrowness and lack we feel in our present state of government, 
must, since we have made no effort to understand and change it, be blamed upon 
ourselves. We must realize that we have not been as ready to assume responsi- 
bilities, to assert ourselves as women, as the faculty — we judge from what has 
been said and written by members of that body — have been willing and anxious 
to have us. 

It is not hard to point out the faults in any system, but it is quite a different 
matter to suggest a remedy. It is in no wise the intention of the writers of this 
article to bring forward a plan for the perfect government of Wellesley College. 
Far from it. They acknowledge frankly that they would hesitate to declare evil 
things which seem to them unquestionably so. And this hesitation arises from 
the fact that they realize they know only one side, the student and local side of 


the question. Still we do not hesitate to say something is wrong, if not with the 
government, if not with the exclusion of the students from that government, then 
with the student attitude. Wherever this evil may lie, it seems to us the remedy 
must begin in one and the same way — a movement which comes from the stu- 
dents themselves. 

Many of us believe that the conditions of life are not the most favorable for 
mental and physical development. Very well, let us find out just why we think 
so, and then we may be able to suggest a remedy, or we ma}' find that none is 
needed, except in our own attitude. Let us get a clear understanding of what we 
wish, an appreciation of what we need. 

We cannot expect the faculty to do all this for us. They must look at things 
fr im a different standpoint. Many things which to us seem wrong and unreason- 
able, from another point of view mav be just and reasonable. The right may lie 
with either one side or the other — more probably it lies between them, but we 
cannot understand how one side, the faculty, could be supposed to see clearly 
both sides, or even to feel as we do, that there should be but one, the college — 
composed of faculty and student — side. And even if the faculty are perfectly 
willing to grant us certain privileges, might not this question arise, " If the stu- 
dents are worthy of these additional privileges, if they are competent to exercise 
them, would they not have shown some disposition to ask for them?" Almost 
any one, we think, would answer in the affirmative. 

Surely, if we, the students of Wellesley College, believe that one part of the 
contract is not fair to us, it is our place, as a student body, to find out what is 
the matter, or what seems to us to be the matter ; then, having done so, let us 
c irry the result of our investigation to the college authorities, sure, if not of gain- 
ing our point, at least of a courteous reception and explanation, which will show 
us that we are in the wrong or justify our attitude of opposition. 

There are, doubtless, many in college who have long felt the desirability of 
arousing the student body to their responsibility in this matter ; those who have 
felt that if the students would but act together intelligently and with a practical 
understanding of the matter, that much might be accomplished in the way of 
broadening the condition of our college life. It remains for them to realize that 
the only way for this to come about is for them to make action the result of 
thought. To realize that a thing ought to be done, and that it is a wise thing to 
do, is the best preparation and guarantee that one can possibly have for doing it. 
Personal interest is to be awakened. Careful agitation and discussion should 
precede any action in the matter. Before we can act wisely and well, a thor- 


ough understanding is necessary ; this can only come from a careful considera- 
tion of our government as it exists and the changes that it would be wise to 
effect. We may find, when we come to understand more clearly the conditions 
of our college life, that it may not be wise to change greatly the present system, 
provided co-operation between the governing and governed bodies be established. 
It may be that more radical changes will be found advantageous. The only way 
in which this movement can be successful is for it to come from the students as a 
body. It is not a class matter, or a matter that a portion can decide without the 
concurrence of the whole. To this end, as soon as the matter has been suffi- 
ciently agitated to awaken general interest, some kind of a students' organization 
should be formed in order to deal with this question in the wisest way. In this 
way only is it possible to make known as a student body our views and our 
desires and to show that as college women we are capable of dealing with the 
deeper problems of the college life. 

E. B. H., '94. 

S. C. W., '95. 
A question is a question only so long as it admits of more than one answer. 
One important question repeatedly presents itself to us as students of the college : 
Is it advisable to attempt to gain larger powers in the direction of self-govern- 
ment? The affirmative answer has been forcibly stated in a series of previous 
Free Press articles. In attempting to reply in the negative, I shall be able to do 
no more than point out certain omissions rather than fallacies in the line of rea- 
soning adopted by " F. H. L." By supplying such omissions I hope to show 
that we, as a body, could not use full powers of self-government to advantage, 
that we are not in a position to claim them as a right, and that we do not desire 
them because the gain to us would be by no means worth the trouble involved. 

In the first place, F. H. L., in her recent article, founds her leading argument 
upon the assertion, "The student who comes to Wellesley is considered able to 
choose her own courses of study." F. H. L. omits to except the freshman class, 
and to limit the remark with reference to the other classes; that is, supposing the 
"is considered" to refer to the faculty or the faculty and students in conjunction. 
For the attitude of the former we need only refer to the present regulations. That 
the students as a whole are hostile to a thorough-going elective system is shown 
by two facts, which I am sure have only to be mentioned in order to receive 



acknowledgment. First, the ideas of a girl in her freshman and sophomore 
years with regard to the special studies for which she is by nature fitted, are gen- 
erally shadowy and subject to almost certain change within two years. Secondly, 
it is common to hear seniors declare their gratification at having been earlier 
forced to take certain courses of study which they would never have elected, but 
which they now recognize as eminently beneficial. Persons of mature mind are 
seldom grateful for being coerced into uncongenial intellectual pursuits. If, there- 
fore, F. H. L.'s first premises will not stand, her first conclusion is invalidated. 
The student is not, as a consequence of such premises, " mature enough and 
wise enough to regulate her conduct." But let us come at it from another direc- 
tion. " Wellesley is no girls' school, it is a women's college." Outside of col- 
lege, females of sixteen, seventeen, eighteen years, in the higher ranks of society, 
are not dignified by the appellation "young women." At home they are "girls," 
verv possibly "children." They braid their hair, wear short dresses, are not yet 
"out," regulate their social and financial affairs, if at all, only as delegated 
powers and subject to supervision, are least of all held capable of passing judg- 
ment upon matters of general health. Further, F. H. L. omits to tell us why the 
student has no claim to control in certain academic matters, but an undeniable 
right in regard to student affairs. She goes on to say that the reason for college 
rules is the maintenance of a high college standard, and advises, as a shorter 
means to the end, that class-room requirements be made stricter. We are forced 
to reply, in the name of mercy and humanity do not suggest any further raising 
of the standard. Lower the standard twenty-five degrees, and you might abolish 
the ten-o'clock rule. Raise it, and you but open further opportunities for the 
display of that terrible ability inherent in the feminine nature to sacrifice com- 
pletely herself and her happiness in the performance of what she considers duty. 
As a remedy for this very difficulty which F. H. L. partially apprehends, she 
suggests an annual physical test, but burning the midnight oil results less in weak 
muscles than injured nerves, and there is no adequate and practical test by which 
the nervous condition can be ascertained and regulated. The fact that the ten- 
o'clock rule is relaxed in certain instances does not deny its usefulness in others, 
but simply admits the very reasonable position that iron-clad laws are not desira- 
ble. If the power to grant exceptions is abused, that is an argument not against 
the rule, but against the administration. From the above arguments I conclude, 
not that all rules are necessarily beneficial, nor that the abolition of any particular 
rule would necessarily be injurious, but that the student is yet of too immature an 
age to assume safely all regulations of her own conduct, while in respect to the 
ten-o'clock rule loss would result from the substitutes suggested by F. II. L. 


Secondly, the " right and justice " of student representation in legislation upon stu- 
dent affairs is declared undeniable. The good policy of such representations may be 
admitted, but its inherent right and justice, hardly. Indeed, F. H. L. has already 
held as undeniably correct the theory that "from neither point of view has the 
student body any right analogous to that of a notion to assert and enforce its 
claim to self-government." Representative government or even individual liberty 
was not advocated in the case of minors, even by Mill, ardent upholder of indi- 
vidual liberty as he was. The warmest woman suffragist would in no State 
accord the ballot to the majority of Wellesley students. So far, indeed, as the 
present year is concerned, no change can be demanded, since the contract which 
was legally and voluntarily entered into supposes existing conditions, so far as 
succeeding years are concerned, if the above objection regarding the age of the 
majority ol students were overcome, another principle must be taken into account. 
Every self-governing body of men must also be collectively self-supporting, and 
this is true probably of no body of college students in the country. Finally, F. 
H. L., while half admitting that no collective rights can be claimed, affirms 
inherent individual rights and liberties. But now, even in the case of adults, 
thinkers are beginning to deny the old French theory of natural rights. Main- 
authorities calmly assert that a man has no natural rights, but only such as society 
and environment accord him. So that from whatever standpoint we view it, I do 
not see that we can lay any claim to the right of self-government. 

Thirdly, F. H. L. omits to give her proof that we as a body desire self-govern- 
ment. Self-government would in practice involve a great deal of work. For, 
presumably, F. H. L., when she advocates liberty, does not mean to uphold anar- 
chy. If the faculty abdicate the throne, then we must mount and suffer the 
uneasiness of other crowned heads. There must be more college organizations, 
more mass meetings, more committee meetings, more red tape. The very 
thought of it makes a Wellesley student turn pale. At present, I do not think 
that we suffer seriously from the despotism under which we live. I am ready to 
assert, and I think past experience proves that only the most urgent considerations 
would deter the college authorities from granting any wish whatever, if expressed 
by the students, not necessarily in any organized way, but with sufficient unanim- 
ity. If as a body we earnestly wish anything, there is not much doubt that we 
can get it without even the trouble of unitedly asking for it. I will not state any 
reason for this, although I believe the reason to be an exceedingly pleasant and 
admirable one. The fact holds that our governing body stands very close to us, 
and that any pressure brought to bear upon it tells with wonderful effect. We 


have not time to govern ourselves, we have not time to elect a government, but 
we have time for a vast amount of desultory conversation, and that is all that is 
necessary. To my mind, no situation could be more delightful — some one else 
to take all the trouble, do all the work, attend all the committee meetings, assume 
all the responsibility, get all the blame, and yet to be ourselves the power behind 
the throne. It is gloriously ideal when compared with ordinary governments. 
Finally, I am personally of the opinion that any change to student self-govern- 
ment would lead to a disastrous limitation of liberty. We should be much 
btricter with ourselves than the faculty are with us, the new sense of responsibility 
would lessen the present range of freedom which I am heartily ready to agree 
with F. H. L. would be a most lamentable result. 

A. B. T., '93. 


We fully realize the importance of our large Exchange Department. To keep 
in touch with the thought of other colleges, as expressed in their publications, is 
essential to the highest welfare of one's own, and it is something more than a 
duty, — it is a real delight. 

The editorial sanctum, flooded with Christmas editions, wears for once a truly 
holiday aspect. The crackling of Yule logs, traditions and associations of the 
mistletoe, ghost stories in moderation and Christmas greetings ad libitum appear 
on page after page, yet not to the utter exclusion of sterner stuff. We heartilv 
congratulate these hard-working editors all over the land for their steady efforts 
to cultivate a strong, worthy and progressive college spirit to remedy abuses and 
to extend their readers' field of vision far beyond college walls and magazine 
columns. In such editorials we feel a healthy college pulse. 

An appreciable diminution in these and other so-called "heavy" articles 
affords us time to thoroughly read and therefore enjoy the quality of such as do 
appear, particularly " The New Rome," by Prof. H. T. Peck, in the " Columbia 

The short story is rampant and boasts every shade of plot and style " The Har- 
vard Monthly " contains three, which are quite strikingly different. " The Hame 
Bringin'" in " The Mt. Holyoke " ; "A Violin Obligato " and " An Unfinished 
Statue," in "The Vassar Miscellany," touch most skilfully the ever respondent 


chords of human sympathy. " The Heel of a Slipper," in " The Yale Lit.," is a 
good specimen of that rather surprisingly rare article, — a distinctively "college" 
story. " How I Proposed," in " The Michigan University Inlander," is a 
humorous tale of a co-ed. 

The one real poem of the month is " The Song of the River," in the " Nassau 
Lit." " The Oneontan," " Vassar Miscellany," " Dartmouth Lit." and " Michi- 
gan University Inlander " vie with each other in graceful lines and bright vers Je 

The number of readable articles containing more or less pithy advice is notice- 
able. " In Reiteration," from " The Vassar Miscellany," could be perused 
without injury by all young college writers; " The University Review" treats of 
" Temporary Specialization " in the choice of one's electives; " The Yale Lit." 
draws a lesson from "Macaulay's University Life," and also gives an amusing, 
erudite account of college slang, discoursing on its important part in the ordinary 
conversation of the educated young man, and obligingly interpreting the more 
obscure phrases, especially the curiosities indigenous to Yale. -'If I were in 
Tufts College now," by an alumnus of '67, in "The Tuftonian," is well worth 
remembering. We take satisfaction in the fact that the " Wesleyan Argus" is 
no longer " lashing the faculty," but is exhibiting a happy spirit of contentment. 

" The Williams Lit." has the honor of " From an Enthusiast's Note Book," 
whose thought and graceful expression we commend to all perpetrators of Daily 

" The Dartmouth Lit." and " Michigan University Inlander " are unique 
among the monthlies, their clever illustrations adding not a little to the attractive 
reading matter. 

We clip the following, as representative of the month's verse : 

A poet once wrote in an ode to Spring, 

Which he sent to the " Weekly Drum," 
" My heart it throbs with a soulful joy 

Each year when the crocuses come." 

Thought lie, " That couplet is grave and deep," 

But he somewhat made things hum, 
When his favorite line appeared in print, 

" Each year when the circuses come! " 

— Col. Lit. Muiilhly. 


Mehr Light! 
Mehr Licht! — to find life's pearls, 

Hidden away; 
Mehr Licht! — to guide our feet, — 

So oft astray. 
Mehr Licht! — to seek for truth, 

To banish wrong ; 
Mehr Licht! — to win the day, 

Stand and be strong. 
Mehr Licht! — till eventide 

Falleth o'er life; 
"Mehr Licht! " — we softly pray, 

" To end the strife." 

— The Mt. Holyoke. 


The radiant day of gladness slowly fades. 
An echo soft flits back, faint glimmers crown 
The rising dusk, and then the dark steals down, 
The old, dead, sober dark that stills and shades. 
Search not, the light has fled within the glades, 
Nor court low echoes night and distance drown, 
Alone and hid beneath the falling frown — 
So darkening mood its solitude upbraids. 

Alone and hid — 'tis then reflection wakes, 
And whispers to the mind her counsel wise — 
lie has not heard the sweetest sound or known 
The beauty of the sunlight when it breaks, 
The pleasure that endures and satisfies, 
Who has not learned the meaning of Alone. 

— The Williams Lit. Monthly. 

Kondeau: Oil sont les neiges? 
(The lady at her harp-) 
" Ou sont les neiges ?" Full softly rings 
The smitten harp. The old air brings 

Sweet spectres surging back once more, 
Fair faces loved when young Life wore 
Gay robes and sang of pleasant things. 
Ay! as she plays, pale Memory flings 
Her gold gates wide. The broad white wings 
Of Love flash forth and upward soar — 
Oii sont les neiges ? 


Full softly sound the stricken strings, 
As into words my musing springs: 

" Ah me! where is the love we swore 
In those glad, golden years of yore ?" — 
Oil sont les neiges <Vantau ? " she sings. 
Oil sont les neiges t 

— Trinity Tablet. 
In Solitide. 

Alone, far from the scenes of student life, 

One summer night I drifted on the lake, — 
Leaving behind all struggling and all strife, — 

And let the uentle winds of evening take 
My craft where'er they willed. The silence deep 

Was broken only by the sighing pines; 
The white mist clouds, like myriad ghosts, did creep 

Across the water's face in solemn lines; 
While the full moon, climbing the eastern height, 
Bathed all around in soft and silvery light. 

How far away seemed all our world of care, 

In realms of books and city's din, now spurned! 
What whispered of the nobler lessons learned 

From Nature's book, — her trees, her stars, her air? 
Love, beauty, peace, alike are here discerned ; 

Each one a step in life's dim winding stair. 
Perhaps 'tis in such moments that we feel 

How far our souls may rise above the clod 
And mire of life; such moments may reveal 

How we through Nature meet with Nature's God, 
And how the mysteries of our life may 
Be but a fog cloud, soon to pass away. 

— The Tech. 


Coffege (ttofes. 

Monday afternoon, December n, President Shafer gave a reception to the 
faculty and the seniors in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Watson Gilder, who 
were visiting the college. Among those present from a distance were Prof, and 
Mrs Palmer, Mrs. William Claflin, Mrs. James T. Fields, Miss Sarah O. Jewett, 
Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Coffin, Madam Blanc, Mrs. Joseph Cook, Mrs. Herbert D. 
Ward, Mr. and Mrs. Dike, Dr. Hartwell, Professor Van Daill and Professor 
Grandgent. In the evening Mr. Gilder gave a most interesting address on " Lin- 
coln's Literary Growth." 

Miss Ruth Clark, Sp. 'q2-'q3, visited the college a few days before vacation. 

Madame Bourget visited the college with Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer on 
Thursday, December 14. It is possible that Wellesley was looked at from a lit- 
erary point of view, for Madame Bourget and her husband are writing a novel of 
American life. 

The number of students remaining at college in the Christmas holidays was 

During the vacation the skating was fine on Lake Waban. 

There was a rumor during the vacation that the college would be honored by 
a visit from a certain Russian princess. But all expectations were disappointed, 
as the princess did not appear. 

Miss Anna Husted, formerly of '95, has been visiting the college for the last 
few days. 

The last daily theme in the first semester course has been written. The girls 
are now " glad and lightsome," and speak with as merry a heart as did Bunyan, 
when the load fell from his back. 

Miss Edith Whitlock, '95, is to spend the remainder of the year at College 
Station, Bravos County, Texas. Her brother is the president of the college 
located there. 

Miss Frances Stuart of '94 has been obliged to leave college on account of 
serious trouble with her eyes. 

Miss Lucy Freeman, '96, and Miss Julia Stevenson, Sp., will not return to 
college this term. 


We regret to learn that Miss Dennison's mother is ill again. 

Associate Professor Kendal has moved into Boston for a few weeks. Her 
address is 1 1 Irvington St. 

President Hyde preached in the college chapel Sunday, January 7, his text 
being " The seed growing secretly," Mark 4: 26, 27. 

The vesper service on the first Sunday of the term was especially enjoyable. 
The following selections were played in a most appreciative manner by Mrs. 
Stovall : "Andante in C minor," Wely ; "Christmas Pastoral," Handel; 
"Slumber Song," Hauser-Dunham ; "Largo," Handel; "Hallelujah Chorus," 

Thursday, January 9, the inmates of Simpson Cottage spent a very enjoyable 
hour in listening to the reading of the circular letter that had made its journey 
from one to another during the vacation. The audience was a most sympathetic 

The eager and excited crowd about the general bulletin board at noon of 
January 9, made evident the fact that the list of mid-year examinations was 
posted. The following are the dates: Saturday, Jan. 13, French, A. B., 1, 2, 
3,4; English Literature, 3, 4. Tuesday, Jan. 16, English, 1; Geology; Ger- 
man, A. B. C, 2, 3, 4, 6.15. Wednesday, Jan. 17, History, 1, 3; Junior, 4; 
Economics, 1, 3 ; Philosophy, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10. Thursday, Jan. 18, Chemistry, 
1, 2, 3, 4, 5; Physics, 1, 2. Friday, Jan. 19, English Literature, 1, 2, 7, 8 ; 
Bible, 1, 2, 3, 4; Greek Testament; Hebrew. Saturday, Jan. 20, Greek, 1, 2, 
3, 10, 4, ^, A. B. C. D. ; Italian; Mathematics. Tuesday, Jan. 23, Latin, 1, 3, 
4; Philosophy, 2 ; History of Art, 1, 3. Wednesday, Jan. 24, Botany, 1, 2, 3, 5, 
Zoology, 1, 2, 3, 5 ; Physiology. In the following courses theses take the place 
of examinations; German, 13, 16; Philosophy, 8, 9, b ; Literature, ^, 6 and 9; 
History, 5, 9. 

Since the opening of the term there have been a number of changes in the 
occupants of one or two of the college houses. Removals from Norumbega: 
Miss Wyckoff, '94, to College Hall; Miss Cushing, '92, to Stone Hall; Miss 
Cass, Sp., to College Hall; Miss Brotherton, '97, to College Hall. Removals 
to Norumbega from College Hall: Miss Forbes, '95; Miss E. Jones, '95; Miss 
Alethea Ledyard, '95; Miss Helen Foss, '94; Miss Gertrude Angell, '94; Miss 
Harriet Blake, '94. 

Miss Lillian Brandt of '95 has removed from Wood Cottage to College Hall. 


Miss Edith Sawyer, Sp., has removed from Stone Hall to Freeman. 

At a meeting of the Special Organization, Wednesday, January 10, Miss Lucy 
B. E. Willcox was elected president in place of Miss Louise B. Richardson, 
resigned. Miss Delle Maude Smith was chosen treasurer in place of Miss Rogers, 
who has been obliged to leave college. 

Twenty-one books and a few files of the "Youth's Companion" have been 
recently added to the servants' library. 

The Factotums are again seen on their search for quorums. Class meetings 
have begun. 

The class crews began their gymnasium work on January n. 

The personnel of the college Glee Club has been much changed. Miss May 
Belle Willis, '95, and Miss Artie Stone, '94, take the places of Miss Gertrude 
Angell, '94, and Miss Harriet Friday, '94, banjeaurines, resigned. Miss Ethel 
Hasbrook, '96, becomes second banjo in place of Miss Willis. 

Miss Helen Eager, '93, spent Sunday, Jan. 7, '94, at the college. 

Miss Louise Hannum, '91, spent a few days at Wellesley at the opening of 
the term. 

Miss M. Emogene Hazeltine, '91, has been appointed librarian in the James 
Prendergast Free Library of Jamestown, N. Y. Since leaving Wellesley she has 
taught in the high school of Danielsonville, Conn., where she assisted in estab- 
lishing a free library, and has taken a special library course. 

Denison House, Boston College Settlement. 
The Denison House is greatly indebted to Miss Grace Dewey, '85, and assist- 
ants at the college, who furnished the children's Saturday party with twelve 
beautiful dolls. Miss Florence Tobey, '94, was good enough to add three dolls 
to this number. 

Miss Annie S. Montague, '79, provided a large box of the "best" candy for 
the Christmas parties at Denison House. 

Miss May D. Newcomb, '91, spent her Christmas vacation at the Boston Col- 
lege Settlement. 

Prof. Mary A. Willcox spent three days at Denison House during the Christ- 
mas vacation. 

Miss Montgomery, Miss Tobey and Miss Graves have been present at Christ- 
mas parties at Denison House. 


Miss Helen Holmes, '89, and Miss Daggatt, Sp., '9i-'93, assist regularly with 
the children on Saturday afternoon. 

Prof. Sophie Jewett has recently given the Boston College Settlement a number 
of books for the children's library. 

Miss Harriet Constantine, '89, has added to the children's library. 

Denison House has opened a workroom, in which 120 of the unemployed 
women of Boston find employment for three days in the week. 

Prof. Whiting and Miss Louise M. Hodgkins have visited Denison House dur- 
ing the vacation. 

Fraulein Habermeyer has been recently elected a member of the New England 
Woman's Club of Boston, of which Mrs. Julia Warde Howe is president. 

We are sorry to announce the serious illness of President Shafer. 

Miss Scudder will address the seniors Sunday evening, January 21, in Stone 
Hall Parlor. 

Mrs. Newman has delegated to the girls in Norumbega the enforcement of the 
college rules in that house. 

Miss Frances Stuart, '94, has been visiting at Freeman for a few days. 

The Wellesley girls are again indebted to Harvard for a great pleasure, fifty 
tickets to the Yale-Harvard debate of January 19 having been received by the 
societies. Wellesley is asked to give her aid in the formation of an Intercollegi- 
ate Debating Union. 

Dr. Eldridge Mix of Worcester preached in the college chapel the second 
Sunday of the term. He took for his text the words of John the Baptist, " Be- 
hold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world." 

Miss Marion Wilcox, '93; Miss Mix, Sp., '91-'93; Miss Mary Barrows, '90, 
and Miss Elizabeth Blakeslee, '91, visited friends at college, Sunday, Jan. 14th. 



J. Juliet Duxbury. 

Elizabeth Bartholomew. 

Sarah Ellen Caps. 

Levenia Dugan Smith. 

JloctefE (ttofes. 

At the regular meeting of the Shakespeare Society, January 13, the following 
programme was presented : 

Merry Wives of Windsor. 
I. Shakespeare News ..... 
II. Talk : 

The Relation between the First and Second 
Periods of Shakespeare's W ritings 

III. The Merry Wives of Windsor." 

A Comparative Study .... 

IV. Talk : 


V. Dramatic Representation. The Merry Wives of Wind- 
sor. Act III. Scene III. 

VI. The Merry Wives Edith Ray Crapo. 

VII. Dramatic Representation. The Merry Wives of Wind- 
sor. Act I. Scene III. 
Those who could spare the time from studying for examinations, to attend the 
concert, Monday evening, January 15, were well repaid. The members of the 
Boston Instrumental Club, composed of players from the Symphony Orchestra, 
were the artists of the evening. The training of Mr. Nikish and Mr. Paur was 
evident in the perfect ensemble of the performers under the baton of Mr. 
Swornsbourne, the conductor of the club. The following was the programme 
presented : 
Overture : Merry Wives of Windsor ...... Nicolai. 

Italian Symphony ......... Mendelssohn. 

a. Andante, b. Scherzo. 
Entr'Acte from " Philemon et Baucis 

Romance, for clarinet 

Selections from " Lohengrin" 
Narcissus . 

" La Cinquantaine " 
Valse, " Les Lointains " 
Serenade (cello solo) . 

Mr. C. L 








Mr. E. Loeffler. 



" Sonntagreuhe," Melodie Witt. 

String Quartette. 

Overture, " Le Roi d'Yoetot " Adams 

The regular meeting of Zeta Alpha was held January 13. The programme pre- 
sented was the last in the Semester's course. 

Studies in Contemporary American Life. 
The Patriotic American. 
The Days we Celebrate. 


1 . Thanksgiving Day 

2. Independence Dayl . . • 

3. Washington's Birthday. 

4. Decoration Day 
II. Woman's Patriotism 

III. Growth of the Proletariat . . . 

IV. Conversation. Patriotism. 

Past and Present. 

" Mistress Fullerton, 1 776 " . 
"Wellesley, '94" . 

V. Our Patriotic Songs. 

1. Their History and Significance 

2. Rendition by the Society, led by 
The presence of the stars and stripes, a shot-riddled Connecticut battle-flag, and 

a war stained soldier's sash contributed to the subject's reality. The alumnae 
members present were : — Mary Barrows, '90, Marion Newell Wilcox, '93, and 
Grace Eldredge Mix. 

Emily Hunter Brown. 
Elizabeth Morris Wood. 

M. Denison Wilt. 

Helen Noyes Blakeslee. 

Mary Katherine Conyngton. 

Edith La Rue Jones. 
Mary Keyt Isham. 

. Winifred Augsbury. 
Kate Winthrop Nelson. 


$fumnae (ttofes. 

(Open Letter.) 

Greatest truths are often taught by illustration — we regret that the pages 
reserved for Alumnae Notes in this issue of the Magazine must teach a sad 
truth. Owing to the illness of the alumnae editor, she has been unable to go out 
on her monthly quest for news and notes. In times of war, when rations were 
scarce, the soldiers went on " foraging" expeditions. These were often attended 
by — let us call them difficulties, and the results were varied. This, to be sure, 
is a time of peace, and at the beginning of each month the alumnae editor wishes 
that she might share this peace — but the rations are very scarce. Unless we 
desire to hear the complaint which surely ought to have worn itself out, or sered 
itself — " There is too little news in the Magazine," — it is necessary to set out 
on our weary quest month after month. 

Do you ask what is the truth illustrated in this issue ? Surely, after your course 
in logic at Wellesley, you can deduce it. However, if you prefer it in an easy, 
declarative sentence, it is simply this: The alumnae of Wellesley do not do their 
share in supporting their own columns. This does not include every member of 
the alumnae. There are two out of the whole number, nine hundred forty-seven, 
who never fail to send any item that comes to their notice. Indeed, to one of 
these two the alumnae owe a large percentage of the news in each issue of the 
Magazine. We had fondly but vainly hoped for generous contributions to the 
January number; we are, therefore, forced to send it out with meagre pages, 
since we dare not run the risk of filling them with purely imaginary items. Where 
are your New Year resolutions, or when you made the others, did you forget the 
Wellesley Magazine ? If you did, may we not have a little of your thought 
next year ? 

A meeting of the Cleveland Wellesley Club was held at the home of Miss 
Louise Pope, '91, on the Wednesday after Christmas. The officers chosen for 
the year were : President, Miss Louise Pope ; vice-president, Miss Clara Walton ; 
secretary, Miss Netta Stockwell ; treasurer, Miss Faith Barkwell. A pleasant 
afternoon was passed, new members of the club becoming better acquainted with 
the old. After light refreshments the club adjourned, to meet in January at the 
home of Miss Lydia Pennington, '93. 

Miss Tuck, '83, of New Britain, Conn., with her sister (Sp.) visited in Kansas 
City, Mo., in December. 

Miss Jessie Van Vliet, '85, is teaching at Ann Arbor, Mich. 


Miss Marion Wilcox, '93, is secretary of junior work of the Woman's Home 
Missionary Association. She has, in addition, some editorial duties in connection 
with the paper published by the association, and has arranged to give "Talks " 
to junior societies in the neighborhood. On Sunday, January 21, she speaks on 
patriotism in Danvers. Her Boston address is 32 Congregational House, corner 
of Beacon and Somerset Streets.] 

Miss Caro Drew, '89, and Miss Ruth Abbott, '89 are both teaching in Brook- 
field Centre, Conn. 

Miss Charlotte A. Whitney, '89, is at home in Oakland, Cal. 

Miss Mary L. Stevens, '89, is teaching in the high school at San Bernardino, Cal. 

The Misses Foster, Specials, '88-'89, are spending the winter in Los Angeles. 

Miss Lucia G. Grieves has removed from Thomasville, Ga., to 157 E. 49th 
St., N. Y. 

The address of Mrs. Mary Tyler Jones, '90, is Summit Ave., Wakefield, Mass. 

Miss Josie Holley, '90, is teaching at her home in Selina, Ala. 

Mrs. Mary Fitch Fuller, '90, is at home Thursday evenings in February, at 
the Grand Union, New York. 

Miss Bertha Lebus, '91, is at home in Los Angeles, Cal. 

Miss Emma Squires, '91, who is teaching in the Santa Barbara, Cal., high 
school, spent Christmas with Miss Bertha Lebus, '91, in Los Angeles. 

Miss Katharine Gleason, '91, is teaching in the high school, Redlands, Cal. 

Miss Mae Tripp, '91, is studying at Boston University this winter. Her address 
is 23 Hencock St., Boston. 

Miss Grace H. Underwood, '92, is traveling in the Southwestern States. 

Miss Ermina Ferris, '92, is teaching in the high school at San Bernardino, Cal. 

Miss Florence Wing, '92, is visiting her sister, Mrs. Henry N. Castle, 49 Pack- 
ard St., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

The address of Miss Calla M. Osgood, '88-92, is, for the present, 1222 Pine 
St., San Francisco, Cal. 

Miss Fan Sanderson, '93, is assistant principal in the Lawrence School, Brook- 
line, Mass. Address, 66 Clarendon St., Boston. 

Miss Ida E. Woods, '93, is assistant in the Harvard College Observatory. 
Address, Natick, Mass. 


Coffege Q5uffeftn. 

Jan. 25. Day of Prayer for Colleges. 

Dr. Henry A. Stimson of Broadway Tabernacle, New York. 
Feb. 3. Senate by class in Constitutional History. 
Feb. 5. Concert. 
Feb. 12. Dr. H. H. Fjrniss from Philadelphia. 

Reading of " As You Like It." 
Feb. 19. Concert. 



Carpenter-Hale. At Waterbury, Conn., Dec. 21, 1893, Rev. Ernest Charles Carpen- 
ter, Wesleyan, '94. and Nettie J. Hale, Wellesley, '90. Address, 30 Baldwin Hill, Water- 
bury, Conn. 

Sta.rrett-Mokkii.1.. Dec. 28, 1893. Conway, N. H., Ruth Eastman Morrill to Mr. 
Milton Gerry Starrett. At home, The Regent, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Frost-Kennai.y. In Ann Arbor, Mich., Oct. 26, 1893, Miss Mary A. Kennadv. '90-91, 
to Mr. Thomas Gold Frost. At home, 701 S. Tenth St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Webb-Kenney. On Dec. 19, 1893, Jenny Raphael Kenney, '92, to Mr. Gerald Ber- 
tram Webb. Address, 19 Tivoli Place, Cheltenham, Eng. 

Douglass-Miller. On Sept. 28, 1893, Isabelle Youngs Miller, '93, to Dr. Harrj J. 
Douglass of New York City. At home after January 1, Glenbrook, Stamford, Conn. 

Jones-Shedd. At Somerville, Mass., Oct. 12, 1893, Alice Mabel Jones, '93. and 
William Edmund Shedd. Address, 85 Orchard St., Somerville, Mass. 

Beeciier-Ewing. At St. Peter's Episcopal Church, Christmas night, 1893, Miss 
Frances Ewing, '92-'93, to Bayliss B. Beecher of Memphis, Tenn. 


Born, Nov. 23, 1893, a daughter, Dorothea, to Mrs. Mary L. Bean- Jones, '89. 
Born on Dec. 23, 1893, a son to Mrs. Nelson M. Brooks of Newton Centre, who was for 
one year a member of '89. 


Died, Jan. 12, in Baltimore, Md., Rebekah Boyd Hensel, class of '89. 


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(ex. Sunday) 

•5.30 p. in. 

4.00 p. in. 


10.09 p. in. 

11.00 p. m. 


7.41 a. in. 

For tickets, information, time tables, etc., 
apply to nearest ticket agent. 
A. S. HANSON, Cen'l Passenger Agent. 

Fine Carpets. 

The finest line of specialties in 

Axminsters, Wiltons and 
Brussels Carpets 

ever offered by us. 
These are all our patterns, with a full line of the 



Oar pets . '. and. '. Mamrnersmitr) . '. I \uas. 


Joel Goldtaait & Go. 

163 to 169 WASHINGTON ST., 





walnut hill 
Wellesley * Preparatory, 




Thorough preparation for Wellesley and other colleges 
for women. 

References :— Pres. Shafer, Wellesley College, 
the Misses Eastman, Dana Hall, and others. 

Circulars on application. 

Miss Charlotte H. Conant, B.A., 
Miss Florence Bigelow, M.A., 

[ Principals. 

Cotrell & Leonard 



Discount to Wellesley Students. 

caps &> GOWNS 


Illustrated Catalogue and particulars 
on application. 


ii John Street, New York. 

t ©esigner atib Qttafter t 

Society Badges, 
Fraternity Pins, 
Rings, Emblem 
Jewels of every 

MCnAI O TROPHIES for Presentation, from 

*»ci//ilu original and artistic designs. 

IA/U CM you want anything in above line, will 
""*-'» esteem it a favor to submit special designs, 
with estimates, or answer enquiries by mail. 

We send design plates FREE upon request. 

Wellesley Pins can be obtained from Miss Florence 
Tobey, Business Manager of Magazine. 


©ana JfyaU Mcfyoot, 

Wellesley, Mass. 

Pupils are prepared for regular or for special 
courses at Wellesley College. 

Price for Board and Tuition, $500 for the 
school year ; tuition for day pupils, $125. 

+ + * * 

For further information address the Principals: 

Julia A. Eastman 
Sarah P. Eastman 


Furniture Manufacturers 

and Upholsterers. 

Washington and Elm Streets, 


No. 20, Ladies' American Club, 

per pair, $1.50 

No. 21, Ladies' American Club, 

Nickel-plated, per pair, $2.00 

No. 22, Ladies' American Club, 

Nickel-plated, per pair, $2.50 

No. 24, Ladies' American Club, 

Nickel-plated, extra fine, $3 50 

Snow Shoes, Toboggans, etc. 


15 Per Cent, t Discount to 
Wellesley Students. 


344 Washington Street, near Milk, Boston. 







,= < 






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2 c 

to jq 


soitens, feec 
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is 85 

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IB |!H53^ 





Opposite Railroad Station, Wellesley. 

Oritni Work a Bpeoialty. 

Factory at East Cambridge. 

Cut Flowers and Plants of the Choicest Varieties on 
hand. Floral designs for all occasions arranged at 
shortest notice. Orders by mail or otherwise promptly 
attended to. Flowers carefully packed and forwarded to 
all parts of the United States and Canada. 

Wight, Foster & Co. 




Young Ladies in want of Furs will rind it to 
their advantage to call and see the new styles in 
Furs and to have repair work done. 




Finest Quality. Exclusive Styles and Textures. 

$3 to $20. 

Rubber Boots and Shoes. 
Druggists' Sundries and Umbrellas. 
Rubber Goods of Every Description. 

College Discount lO per cent. 

Metropolitan Rubber Co. 

Cleve & Krim. 

49 Summer St. 

4 doors below C. F. Hovey & Co. 


Unconditional Guarantee accompanies each Rapid Whiter Fountain Pen. 
Circulars free. FOUNTAIN PEN CO., Washington, D. C. 

Call on our representative for Wellesley College, Mary Ella Chapin. 

Only $3sNew York 

VIA FALL RIVER LINE for first-class limited 
tickets. Fares reduced for all points beyond New 
York. Steamers Puritan and Pilgrim in com- 
mission. Pullman Vestibuled Express Trains 
composed of parlor and regular passenger cars, 
leave Park Square Station, Boston, week days at 
6.00 p.m., Sundays at 7.00 p. m., connecting with 
steamer at Fall River in 80 minutes. A fine or- 
chestra on each steamer. Tickets, staterooms 
and berths secured at 3 Old State House, cor. 
Washington and State Sts., and at Park Square 

J. R. KENDRICK, Gen'l Mgr., Boston. 

GEO. L. CONNOR, Gen'l Pass'r Agt., Boston. 

H. L. PALMER, Agt., 3 Old State House, Boston. 

Wellesley Steam Laandry. 


We are prepared to do all kinds of Laundry 
Work in a first-class manner and at reasonable 
prices. Call on us and get our terms. Try us and 
we will guarantee you satisfaction. Goods called 
for and delivered at any place in the Village at the 
College Buildings. 

J. T. Melius, 


Qv0ir)Gir) s IT/cdiCGn t©ll<z,ere 


Session '93 -'94 opens October 1st, 1893- Three years Graded Course. Instruction by Lectures, Clinics, 
Recitations and practical work, under supervision in Laboratories and Dispensary of College, and in U. S. 
Infirmary. Clinics and operations in most of the CAy Hospitals and Dispensaries open to Women Students. 
For Catalogues, etc., address 


n\ East l^th Street, New York. 

HE. They say that college 
girls don't keep up with the 
times ? 

SHE. Oh but that isn't true . 
We know with all the rest ol 
the world that the Columbia i 
the wheel to get for '93- 

HE. Yes, it takes the lead. 
Catalogues free. 

Would You Like a Better Wheel 

than the COLUMBIA ? 
It couldn't be had. 

For the Columbia is strong, 
light, swift and easy. 

Free instruction to purchasers. 
All orders promptly attended to. 

D. Daekett, flgt, 



THE ATTENTION of students is called to our unrivalled line of 



NIGHT LAMPS, and that latest and daintiest of Parisian devices, the PRINCESS LAMP. 



523-525 Washington Street. 

Opposite R. H. White & Co.'s. 

In every department of our store we allow Wellesley Pro- 
fessors and Students a discount, generally 

10 per cent. 

During the year you will notice many attractive goods which vour friends at home would be 
glad to see. We shall be glad to send samples at your request. 

Dress Goods, Hosiery, Neckwear, Millinery, 
Underwear and Art Embroideries 

are perhaps some of the departments most interesting to students, but the discount applies to every 


Tremont Street and Temple Place 



Boston and Brookline, Mass. 

Wellesley Branch, 
open every Monday and Tuesday. 

Duplicates of last year portraits and Tree -day 
groups can be bad at the Wellesley Studio. 

G-A ■ * or 868 
Bac*ow»Y, N. Y. 

146 Tremont 8t 

Pure, Fresh and 


A Choice Selection of Fancy Baskets, Boxes and 
Bonbonnieres constantly on hand at very reasonable 

Mail Orders given Prompt Attention.